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Current time:0:00Total duration:4:52

Social institutions - government, economy, health and medicine

Video transcript

now that we've examined education family and religion let's take a look at the government and economy we give the government the power and authority to manage the country some governments take into consideration the will of the people like democratic systems where all citizens participate in government like lawmaking and choosing officials others rule autonomously like authoritarian systems which command absolute obedience to Authority dictatorships are authoritarian systems where the government is ruled by an individual without the consent of the citizens other types of political systems include communism which is a classless moneyless system where all property is owned by the community a monarchy is a government that is embodied by a single person there are many facets to the government but the king or queen is the figurehead there are also a couple different economic systems in our world capitalism is motivated by profits and features private ownership of production with a market economy based on supply and demand socialism is motivated by what benefits the society as a whole and features common ownership of production that focuses on human needs and economic demand the division of labor and our government and economy is functionalist meaning everyone is expected to have a responsibility in society it is interesting how we value certain types of labor more than others garbage men who are essential to society are not well valued and not well paid athletes on the other hand are non-essential but they are highly valued and well paid we value jobs that require lots of specialization and education rather than the jobs that are essential to our society this creates inequalities because not everyone has access to those valued professions due to limited education or resources we see this disparity throughout society including education and health care and medicine healthcare and medicine is the final institution we will examine here we know medicine exists to keep people healthy but it also has other effects on society medicalization for example occurs when human conditions get defined and treated as medical conditions and become the subject of medical study diagnosis and this often occurs with mental health type issues like sadness and attention but also can occur with physical issues like birth people are becoming over diagnosed with depression or a DD wall it is true that these are serious conditions being sad doesn't mean you are depressed and having difficulty focusing doesn't mean you have a DD birth has become medicalized as women and doctors plan c-sections rather than having natural births another effect of health and medicine is the sick role this is the expectation within society that allows you to take a break from responsibilities in order to get better when you're sick but if you don't get better or don't return to your place in society you're viewed as deviant and harmful to society a major part of the institution of health and medicine is the delivery of health care there are massive inequalities in terms of access we take care of the elderly through Medicaid and Medicare and the children through child health insurance programs but the people in between get left behind these are the people who populate the working force and when they get sick it can seriously affect society the Affordable Care Act is trying to fix this gap but it's still too early to tell we spent a lot of money on health care but we don't get the desired outcomes because people still get sick this is because we invest a lot more money in helping people once they are sick then in developing preventive medicine almost everyone will be sick at some point in their lives the illness experience is the process of being ill and how people cope with their illness being ill can change a person's self-identity the diagnosis of a chronic disease can take over your life where every decision revolves around the disease there stigmas associated with certain diseases like mental illnesses or STDs that can affect how others perceive you even how people experience a disease differs depending on if they have access to resources like palliative care social epidemiology looks at health disparities through social indicators like race gender and income distribution and it looks at how social factors affect a person's health there's a correlation between social advantages or disadvantages and the distribution of health or disease well there we have it a closer look into a few of the institutions that make up and support our society but this is just skimming the surface there is so much more depth to every topic here more effects for consequences just take a look at your world to see how much more there is to these institutions that perhaps once seemed quite simple