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Demographic structure of society - immigration

Video transcript

immigrants often face severe challenges when arriving in a new country people tend to have the conflicting desire to help others and the fear of anything different this internal conflict really comes to light when considering immigrants people want to help but are wary of the different cultures and customs immigrants bring with them but the main issue here is that the number of immigrants can put a pressure on the job opportunities and welfare capabilities of a country immigrants tend to move to the more industrialized nations like the large numbers of immigrants moving into North America the oil-rich areas of the Middle East and the industrial economies of Europe and Asia to a point these immigrants can be functional to the receiving country by alleviating labor shortages and also to the sending country by reducing the population there which can relieve some strain on an economy that cannot support the large number of people depending on it but integration can also be dysfunctional for these same economic reasons immigrants can also be exploited by countries that are interested in maximizing their profits while being unconcerned about the global social and economic inequality that results from the profit seeking the integration itself can cause problems sometimes if too many people move to one area the social services there are not able to handle the sudden increase in demand or if too many skilled people leave a country it can be harmful to the future of that country then of course there's the fear and dislike of immigrants who are a different race than those of the host country people will migrate for many different reasons often though it is because of war or famine in their home country or because a person simply can't make a living in their home country transnational people move across borders to find better jobs and education some people will seek to obtain dual citizenship so they aren't bound by a single country transnational corporations take advantage of cheap labor in different countries to bring cost down and revenue up every country has their own immigration policies but they're often biased depending on where the applicant is originally from race and ethnicity tend to be the cause for biased policies and different expectations of people based on their socially constructed group in 1986 the United States passed the immigration warm and Control Act which forbade the hiring of illegal immigrants but it also extended amnesty and legal status to the illegal immigrants already living in the United States recently some countries are implementing policies that encourage the families of immigrants to also move into the country to help keep money in their economy instead of the immigrants sending it to their families abroad an interesting effect of globalization on immigration can we see in the European Union residents of countries in the EU can live and work in any country in the EU linking the economies of those countries even more tightly since September 11th 2001 immigration has become more difficult across the globe countries have increased security checks and scrutiny on people seeking to move to a different country but for many even this is not enough to discourage their desire to migrate in the hopes of a better life