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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:31

Subculture vs counterculture

Video transcript

a subculture is the culture of a meso-level sub community that distinguishes itself from the dominant culture of a larger society so a subculture is smaller than the nation but unlike a micro culture it is large enough to support people throughout their entire lifespan so what does all this mean let's take a look a subculture is the culture of a meso level sub community so culture is the ideas of a society it is the values beliefs and rules that make up that society and meso-level tells us that a population size falls between micro and macro levels micro meaning small and macro meaning large so in the meso level of analysis so see I'll just look at you can think of it as medium-sized groups and examples include communities organizations cities states or even clans and tribes and a sub community is just a smaller community within a larger one and this can include the examples we just talked about with the cities and states so in plain English all this first sentence is saying is that a subculture is the rules and ideas of a medium-sized community the rest of our definition says that a subculture distinguishes itself from the dominant culture of the larger society and this just means it is different in some way so it is good to note that when subcultures are unique to the lord or society in some ways they still share some of the culture of the dominant society so they're different but they're not completely different so bringing our analysis together a subculture refers to the rules and ideas of a medium-sized community that differs in some way from the larger community we also said that a subculture is different from a micro culture because a subculture is large enough to support people throughout their entire lifespan so just as a reminder of micro culture refers to groups or organizations that affect only a small segment of one's life and they influence a limited period of someone's life so examples of micro cultures include things like Girl Scout troops college sororities or even a boarding school and subcultures affect your life on a much longer period than micro cultures would so in the United States so cultures include things like ethnic groups such as mexican-americans or even exclusive religious groups such as the Orthodox Jews in New York City they can even include social classes groups like the elite upper-class so subcultures can cause tension with the dominant group and the dominant group has the power to determine the cultural expectations of society so an example would be that a very small percentage of Mormons in the United States believe in polygamy and polygamy is when a person is married to more than one spouse so I want to emphasize spouse so having more than one wife is actually called Pali Guinea and it breaks the law in Utah where many Mormons live and they still hold on to this practice and this belief so when a conflict with the larger culture becomes serious and the laws of the dominant society are violated a different type of culture actually emerges and this is called a counter culture and a counter culture is a group with expectations and values that strongly disagree with the main values of a particular society so one type of counter culture that is represented is actually called the Old Order Amish of Pennsylvania and Ohio and the Amish drive horse-drawn wagons and they rarely use electricity or modern technology so they reject mainstream ideas and they have their own values so the Amish rejecting mainstream or dominant culture like technology or consumerism and replacing with their religious principles which call for a simpler lifestyle this makes them a counterculture because their values they differ greatly with those of the larger society