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Current time:0:00Total duration:4:19

Overview of culture

Video transcript

society is a group of people and culture talks about the rules and instructions within a society that guide people and teach them how to live so with that out of the way let's learn more about culture culture refers to the ideas and things that are passed on from one generation to the next in society and culture includes many different things like knowledge beliefs and values and it also includes language and customs so one important thing to realize is that culture varies as we travel across the globe so in America most of us use toothbrushes and toothpaste when it comes to cleaning our mouths well in other regions people use twigs from trees believe it or not and this is done in some African cultures and what they do is they'll go to a tree and they'll break off some twigs and on a certain half they will soften a broken end and then they'll rub the twig on their teeth to clean their teeth so many people also sleep in beds while others may sleep on tatami mats or even animal skin so here is a picture of a tatami mat and these are often used in Japan I speak English along with a little over 500 million other people around the world but also there are many different languages so there are over 1 billion people who speak Chinese and they're also over 480 million people who speak Hindi and Hindi is the official language of India over here and there's also over 400 million Spanish speakers around the world and it is one of the official languages of over 20 countries including Mexico Argentina and Spain so also many people like to eat meat and vegetables while other eat tofu and grasshoppers as you see here this is a picture of a bowl of grasshoppers is a special dish in another region and also another way cultures vary around the world is when you go to greet someone so in the United States proper greetings include a handshake maybe a wave maybe you even say hello but the greeting ceremony in Japan includes bowing and the depth of the bow is defined by relative status so each individual has to bow a certain way so a person who is younger and of lower status must bow more deeply and the proper greeting of many European countries calls for men and women to kiss acquaintances on both cheeks so these are exam of how culture varies greatly across the globe so this also shows how each social unit of people develops a unique way of life and culture provides the guidelines and for the actions and interactions within a society as we've said many times so as we just saw this could include guidelines for how to greet people for example so there are four main points that I want to share with you about culture so the first one is that all people share a culture with others in their societies so as mentioned before culture provides the rules and expectations for carrying out your daily rituals and interactions so from birth we learn the patterns of behavior that are acceptable in our society so a second point that I want to make is culture evolves over time and it is adaptive so what is normal in hunter-gatherer societies would be very different from what is normal in the Information Age so hunter-gatherers value cooperation and loyalty to the community because they are critical for hunting and now in the Information Age which is just the age of technology and the explosion of information on the Internet individualism and competition are encouraged and they are what is required to enhance one's position and well-being so the creation of culture is ongoing and cumulative so societies built on existing culture to adapt to new challenges and opportunities so your behaviors and values that are seen as normal to you are actually shaped by your culture culture is so much a part of life that we may not even notice behaviors that Outsiders may find weird so for example you may not think anything about putting a baby in a crib but in other countries they may find that strange for example in Finland babies sleep and patted baby boxes that are issued by their government so this again shows how greatly culture differs around the world also a final point I want to make is that culture is transmitted from one generation to the next so this talks about how we teach a way of life to the next generation so humans are the only mammals with culture that enable them to adapt to their environment so they can survive on both the equator and even in the Arctic so that's just a more in-depth look at culture