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Culture lag and culture shock

Video transcript

the term culture lag refers to the fact that culture takes time to catch up with technological innovations and this results in social problems culture lag is common in society because material culture tends to change rapidly while non material culture tends to resist change and really remains the same for a longer period of time so due to the opposing nature of these two aspects of culture adaptation of new technology becomes difficult so just a reminder material culture refers to the physical and technological aspects of our daily lives like our food and our houses and our phones and non-material culture does not include physical objects non material culture includes things like ideas beliefs and values and these tend to resist change so material culture evolves faster than non material culture and that is why they call it culture lag because it's lagging behind so let's look at an example when technological innovation outpaced cultural adaptation so when cars were first invented there was no laws to govern driving there were no speed limits there were no guidelines for who had the right away at intersections there were no lane markers no stop signs or stoplights so you can imagine the chaos that was result of all these lack of rules so city streets were very dangerous but laws were soon written to fix the problem and this closed the gap between the material culture and the non-material culture at the time so there are many examples of culture lags some that come to mind our computers and email and the time it took for businesses to use this technology effectively but I encourage you to think about some examples of culture lag so next let's look at culture shock culture shock refers to the feelings of disorientation uncertainty or even fear that people experience when they encounter unfamiliar cultural practices so culture shock can happen when someone moves to a different country move social environments or travels to another type of life like when maybe you lived in New York City and you move to live on a farm in Kansas so anyone who has lives studied or even travelled extensively in another country has experienced culture shock so let's look at this a little further when you go to a different country everything is unfamiliar the weather the landscape language the food even the values and customs are different so everything that you are used to is no longer in place so in this foreign place business may be conducted differently stores may open and close at different times and the food may be completely different and all of this you're experiencing is culture shock so as a result of culture shock you may feel sad lonely confused homesick and question your decision to even have moved to this new place so an example would be when people from Islamic countries like Algeria visit countries in Western Europe like Spain or Italy so the individuals from the Islamic countries may experience culture shock when they see the women in Western Europe wearing what they would consider to be revealing clothing and an unmarried couples kissing or holding hands in public because these behaviors are forbidden or frowned upon in their own cultures