4B: Imagine taking a balloon and heating it up by putting it in a sauna. What would happen? Gases, though you may not be able to see them, are perpetually in motion. You will encounter them if you ever frequent an operating room, as the anesthesiologist holds in his arsenal several gases with doze-inducing properties. We will walk through the history and application of the ideal gas law to real-world problems as you also come to appreciate the meaning of partial pressures and STP in these tutorials.