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Current time:0:00Total duration:9:38

Self concept, self identity, and social identity

Video transcript

hi everyone okay so in the next set of videos we're going to be talking about the concept of self identity but before we do that we need to start off by defining some very important key terms and grasping the understanding behind these terms so the first is the idea of self-concept now I'm sure you've heard of this before and I think everyone has a loose interpretation of what it is their own interpretation but let's talk about it in terms of what psychologists say so self-concept according to psychologists is a term used to refer to how someone thinks about perceives or even evaluates themselves so to be self-aware is to have a self-concept now the development of self-concept has two aspects and the first of these is the existential self and once we have an existential self an idea of that we can eventually move on to the categorical self and I'll explain this relationship in a second so basically the existential self is the most basic part of self concept so it's a sense of being separate and distinct from others so these are two very important components of the existential self we are each separate and distinct entities or objects from others from other objects from other people and an existential self is understanding and having an awareness that the self is constant so it doesn't change in life it's pretty constant throughout life so someone comes to you and says I'm tired that's not their self-concept it's not a good definition of who they are because it's a temporary state they're not tired all the time so self-concept is consistent or constant and a child as young as 2 or 3 months baby even realizes this they realize that they exist separately from others and that they exist over time and space so this arises due to the part the relationship the child has with the world so you've always seen that when a baby smiles someone else smiles back or have you ever seen babies play with the mobile Mobile's hanging above their crib they have this relationship with other objects and they realize that they are separate from that now moving on once we've realized that we have an existential self we can formulate a categorical self and a categorical self comes once this baby realizes that they are separate so it's becoming aware that even though we're separate and distinct objects or entities or beings we also exist in the world we exist with other objects and beings and entities in that each of these objects has properties so at this point the baby is growing and it's becoming aware that he or she is an object with properties so usually young toddlers categorize themselves my age or by gender sometimes even buy some skills they have or even by their size how big or small they are now the two of the first categories that young children categorize themself is by age and gender we always hear little kids saying I'm three or five or I'm a girl so in early childhood these categories that children apply themselves to are very concrete but eventually as they grow older as we grow older we start to categorize ourselves by including some more internal psychological traits so we start to compare ourselves we start to make evaluations and with other people we start to categorize ourselves maybe by our careers or by the type of person that we want to be so these are more developed categories now you probably remember talking about Carl Rogers I'll just refresh your memory but he's important in the humanistic branch of psychology so Carl Rogers believed that the self-concept had three different components and the first of these is self-image so we've all heard of this word before self-image is the view we have of ourselves so there we are what we believe we are the second part of his components is self-esteem so we can use this word along with self-worth so how much value do we place on ourselves and I'm going to put a little heart here to kind of represent that so how much love do we give ourselves how much do we love ourselves how much value do we place on ourselves and the third is the ideal self so it's what we wish to be we aspire to be I'm going to give it a little star to represent our ideal self okay so developing this idea of self-concept a little further we can use a theory called the social identity theory so the social identity theory has two parts it is it defines it it defines a theory in terms of two parts and those two parts is the personal identity which is pretty self-explanatory so this is the things that are unique to each person like personality traits and the other is our social identity so these include the group's you belong to in our community so in order to understand the social social identity theory and how we categorize ourselves personally and socially there's a mental process involved in this so this process involves three steps and these are the steps we use when we're evaluating ourselves and others and the relationship between percent personal and social identities so first all humans categorize themselves we all categorize ourselves without even knowing it we actually do this entire mental process I'm going to talk about without even really knowing we do it just I guess part of human nature so we categorize ourselves in order to understand objects and identify them so we categorize people into groups ones to which we belong and ones that are different from us so we use social categories like race so black white Australian Chinese Christian Student accountant whatever it may be we categorize ourselves and people through these categories and if we can assign people to a category that tells us things about that person it kind of puts a definition to them a prejudgment without fully knowing the person we have some sort of categorical term for them now the second step once we categorize is identification now let me jump back a little bit and just say that not all people belong to just one category we can belong to many different categories okay so the second step is identification so this is when we adopt the identity of the group we have categorized ourselves as to belonging so if we've categorized ourselves as students the chances are we're going to eventually adopt the identity of a student and we're going to start acting like a student and behaving like a student so this role starts to feel like a norm are starting to conform to the norm of the group the category we belong to and there's an emotional significance to identification because our self-esteem which we talked about up here starts to become bound with this group identification and sense of belonging and the final step is social comparison we're always comparing ourselves to others all the time so consciously consciously whatever it is so once we categorize and identify we're going to eventually start comparing ourselves with other groups or comparing other groups with other groups and the reason we do this is to maintain our self-esteem we want to compare ourselves with other groups in a favorable way and this whole idea is actually very critical in understanding prejudice because once two groups identify themselves as separate and rivals then we start to compete in order to maintain self-esteem so we're going to look at self-esteem at another point but just understand that this plays a very important role in this mental process that we formulate in developing a social identity you