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Current time:0:00Total duration:6:14

Stereotypes stereotype threat, and self fulfilling prophecy

Video transcript

okay so what do you think about people wear glasses I think people wear glasses look incredibly intelligent in fact I think just wearing a pair of glasses can add 10 points to your IQ what about people who live in cities I found people who didn't cities to be abrasive to be rude to be terribly impolite what am i doing by making these comments but what I'm doing is I am stereotyping and what stereotyping means is that attributing a certain sort a certain cognition to a group of individuals and over generalizing and stereotyping doesn't just involve a pair of glasses and what people wear or when they live but it can also involve race gender culture religion even shoe size so it can be pretty all-encompassing doesn't stereotyping have some disadvantages yeah and it should be somewhat obvious and major disadvantages that's pretty inaccurate on the other hand does stereotyping have an advantage the answer is yes stereotyping actually allows us to rapidly assess large amounts of social information so in that regard it's actually a useful tool even though it does have its drawbacks what I want to do now is to talk to you about a different concept and this is again perhaps a negative characteristic of stereotyping and this is the concept of stereotype threat let's take two groups of students one the red students and two the blue students and these students are two equally capable group of students and now let's make them sit an exam how do they score how do they test when this situation their scores are equal they're the same both red and blue get the same score now let's do something else let's make them sit the exam but this time let's expose the students to some negative stereotypes about the blue students not being good ever not be good not being academic well what happens now well the red students score the same but this time we notice that blue students take a hit in their performance the performance drops but this is what we see as being the stereotype threat this is when the exposure to a negative stereotype surrounding a task can actually cause a decrease in the performance of an individual when attempting that task so here the stereotype actually threatens performance now since since I've been talking about city folk city dwellers being so rude let's put that down here so I'm going to put that down here what are we really what are we really thinking about so this is a thought process or cognition and what we've said before is when we think about cognitions we're actually stereotyping so if I think city dwellers are rude then I may say that hmm you know what I don't like them you know what if I don't like a group of people I'm probably not going to spend a lot of time with them I'm going to probably avoid them well let's have a look at these two other statements I don't like them I'm attaching an effect which is an emotion that can be positive or negative to these city dwellers so now there is an affective component to this and when we have an affective component we move from stereotyping to hedger this and then moving from the affective component we start to avoid them what happens there when we avoid them we are actually demonstrating a behavioral component and when we demonstrate a behavioral component we actually moving from prejudice to discrimination so as we can see here the difference between stereotyping prejudice and discrimination is one of cognition affect and behavior well let's go back to this city city dwellers if I over with them what do you think is gonna what do you think is going to happen there well you know what let's take let's take their viewpoint if I avoid them maybe they're going to start thinking that I am rude so notice that may may become their cognition now and if they think I am rude they might not like me and if they don't like me they may try to avoid me and if they avoid me then I may start to think that they're rude this actually feeds back yup is positively feeds back on itself and suddenly we have this circle that can continuously feed back on itself and notice that they had done the same things that I did to them the cognition in that they think I am rude an affective component and that they may start to not like me and a behavioral component in which they start to avoid me well what are we actually seeing here well what we're seeing is a development of a self-fulfilling prophecy and that's to say that our initial thought or cognition that city dwellers were are rude becomes more true and more affirmed over time either directly or indirectly because of our own actions to us my initial stereotype that city dwellers are rude becomes more true as we perceive them to me ruder and ruder over time in response to our own behavior this is the positive feedback that we see in a self in boxing you