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5B: Eating popcorn alone at a movie theater can be quite lonely - but sharing with someone special can feel...well, special! Sharing is caring is caring with atoms too! In a covalent bond, two atoms share electron pairs in their orbitals. We will discuss the mechanism of this bonding as well as the idea of electron orbital hybridization in this tutorial.
Questions pertaining to covalent bonds
Electronegativity differences in bonding using Pauling scale. Using differences in electronegativity to classify bonds as covalent, polar covalent, or ionic.
Identifying the intermolecular forces present between molecules
Sp3 hybrid orbitals and properties of sigma bonds.
Using steric number to calculate number of hybrid orbitals.
Predicting the molecular dipole moment based on the molecular geometry.
Sp2 hybrid orbitals and properties of pi bonds.
Sp hybrid orbitals and properties of triple bonds.
Examples of identifying hybridization and geometry for atoms in organic molecules.