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Video transcript

everybody has a personality and part of having a personality is how we experience the world our inner experience of the world our emotional experience and also how we behave outwardly so what happens when we say somebody has a personality disorder well what we're saying there is that there's a really marked and deviation from what we expect and how we expect them to behave or how they are experiencing the world and that really leads to a great deal of distress and impairment in their functioning now saying somebody has a personality disorders actually a controversial thing and actually this whole category has been controversial in many regards but there are lots of details and the research hasn't fully validated some of the things I'm saying and further work needs to be done so please bear that in mind one of the things that we know in the current categorization there are 10 personality disorders and they are separated out into 3 big clusters as you can see the 3 circles we have cluster a cluster B and cluster C now as a general overview the personality disorders in cluster a are often defined as being odd or eccentric those envy are often labeled as being dramatic emotional or erratic and finally in cluster see these personality disorders are often described as encompassing anxiety and fearfulness features one of the things that you may have noticed is that there's a fair degree of overlap between these clusters and it may very well be that even though there's ten different types of personality disorder an individual may very well have one or more types so let's start with a and in our a category we have three different personality disorders paranoid personality disorder skids on a litter disorder and schizotypal personality disorder so let's start off with paranoid personality disorder a key feature that really causes impairment here is this really profound distrust and suspicion of other people and that would be in keeping with the name right paranoid let's look at schizoid someone who's schizoid it is often very emotionally detached detached in their relationships and shows little emotion and finally we get to schizotypal people with schizotypal personality disorder not only tend to avoid close relationships but they also have this kind of odd or magical thinking that would really differentiate them from the other cluster a personality disorders now there's a whole heap of extra criterion descriptions but this is just an overview so as we can see these individuals are somewhat odd and somewhat detached from the people that are around around them and they may have unusual beliefs or degrees of distrust or suspiciousness let's move on to cluster B this is a cluster that has for the personality disorders including antisocial borderline histrionic and narcissistic as I mentioned these are cluster B often contains dramatic emotional or erratic trades when we think about people with antisocial personality disorder they tend to be they tend to have little or no regard for others they're often involved in the legal system they may commit crimes and they will often show no no remorse they're very inconsiderate of others and that would be consistent with it with the name right anti-social and non social people they're the opposite of social secondly we have borderline people on the borderline are always at the brink of having some kind of an emotional or relationship issue they have very unstable relationships that emotions can actually be pretty unstable too and they could have a really variable self-image they can be pretty impulsive and this can put them in quite a lot of danger next we have histrionic people with histrionic Personality Disorder of very attention seeking they might wear really bright clothes they might wear things that are very provocative and they can display a lot of their emotions outwardly and finally in this category we have narcissistic people with narcissistic personality disorder have huge egos they might think that they're the best thing since sliced bread they have a lot of need for admiration and praise and they don't take it lightly if you try and criticize them one that other ways to describe them as being very grandiose they think very very highly of themselves much more highly than you would think of them and finally let's move on to our last our last cluster the anxious and fearful cluster see and this cluster we have three different personality disorders we have avoidant we have dependent and we have obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and I'm going to stress this is a personality disorder here as opposed to obsessive-compulsive disorder do not mix them and I'll tell you why in a minute okay let's start with avoidant the main issue with people who are avoidant is that they're very inhibited they feel inadequate and generally they try to avoid putting themselves in a situation where they can be criticized secondly we have dependent people who are dependent as the name says very dependent they can be very submissive that could be very clingy they may really need the help of others all the time now I want to spend a second on this obsessive-compulsive personality disorder because these people are very focused on their life being ordered things being perfect and for them to be in control of everything that's going on and the reason why this is actually different from obsessive-compulsive disorder which is a which is another condition is it with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder the focus is on order and perfection and then being in control they don't necessarily have to check the locks on the windows what repeatedly wash their hands be very concerned about germs or bugs or things like that that some people with actual obsessive compulsive disorder will be so these people the real focus here for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is this focus on control orderliness and perfection and they do to such an extent that really annoys other people and can delay projects like at work and at school because they're hyper focused on these issues so this is our overview of the 10 different personality disorders over these three different ABC clusters and you can go to far more detail and there is a large degree of controversy over these because not all the research has fully validated this concept but this is the broad concept that you need to be aware of