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Current time:0:00Total duration:3:53

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Video transcript

building off the five approaches and understanding motivation or the five schools of thought like we talked about in the last video let's take a deeper look at Maslow's hierarchy of needs so it's actually broken down into into a pyramid so it looks just like this this was created by a famous psychologist named Abraham Maslow so Maslow said that we have needs that need to be fulfilled in a specific order it has to start from the bottom of the pyramid all the way to the top so most basic need is our physiological need and that forms the foundation or base of this pyramid so physiological needs can include anything from food water breathing and sleep all of these are essential needs to survive moving up the second level is our need for safety so safety of resources safety of employment and health and property safety is a basic need also but it can only be fulfilled once our physiological needs are met so we can call these two levels the basic levels now mazza went on to name a third level and this is our level of love our need for love it's our need to belong our need to have acceptance from friends and family and our need for intimacy this level of needs is called our social needs the fourth level is our need for self esteem we like to feel confident and have a sense of achievement and what we do we look for recognition and competence of skill that gives us self-confidence so these needs fall under a level of respect we like to gain respect from others when we reach this level but again the can only occur if the three needs below physiological safety and love are fulfilled and now we've come to the top this last level is called self-actualization it's a really big word but Maslow describes it as one reaching their maximum potential it's a desire to accomplish everything one can do and become the most one can be and this differs from person to person obviously for example one we have a strong desire to become an ideal parent or an ideal athlete or an ideal artist Maslow thought self actualize errs were moral to their own principles and had mastered all the needs that fall below this one this level is our level of full potential so think of this as climbing Mount Everest you have to start at the bottom but along the way you're going to have different checkpoints all of these checkpoints are managed by different Sherpas on the mountain you can't climb to the next level unless a Sherpa at the level you're at gives you the go-ahead he has to make sure you've eaten and gotten enough rest and her breathing okay then you can ascend to the next level and eventually this keeps on going until you reach the top where you've realized your maximum potential there you have it Maslow's hierarchy of human needs