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Reading Comprehension - Worked Examples

Current time:0:00Total duration:5:01

Principles | Law passage | Cosmic Justice

Reading Comprehension - Worked Examples

Video transcript

the discussion in passage a but not the discussion in passage B relies on which one of the following principles so it isn't really a good use of our time to try to get in our mind what the answer is before we look at the choices here prediction is not a great strategy for a question like this but it does help to remember what passage a is all about passage a is saying that soul comes out against cosmic justice because it's impossible to know everything about the background of somebody we need to focus our attention on the outputs and not the inputs because the inputs are ultimately unknowable and we can't be fair about that because we aren't omniscient so we should be looking for something along those lines the wrong choices and questions like this might be in both passages or might be in passage B but not pass a J or might be a knight in either of the passages so let's go through those things in mind and see if we can rule out some bad answers and maybe we'll also see that one choice jumps out at us but on the first pass through I wouldn't apply too rigorous a test in order to move on to the next one you can leave them in hopefully one or two or three will disqualify themselves because of something wrong in them but we should get to the end and then weigh them all and see what we have and this is a way to save time rather than to spend too much time on each choice figuring out whether maybe it's right maybe it's wrong let's apply a level of rigor but not too much rigor because the right answer might just rise to the top let's take a look hey one should refrain from action when one lacks complete information okay so that's a day is all about lacking complete information like humans lack complete information but we told we have to refrain from action completely not so sure B whether a punishment is fair matters less than whether it deters crime custody never really mentions deterrence that's something that's in passage B but that's really not what we're looking for let's keep on moving C although we should aim at perfect justice we should recognize that we cannot attain it okay so this is definitely no passage in years ago which are recognized that we cannot attain it but should we even aim at it I don't think so passage a basically says no perfect justice cosmic justice is actually impossible so so I'm not liking cd1 should not pass judgment on an action unless one knows all of the factors it influenced it Gazeta is saying you know we can't we can't know all the factors that influenced it so that is not right ii-if a goal is known to be impossible and it should not be attempted so the goal that's being discussed here the goal of cosmic justice is it known to be impossible yes passage a basically says yeah cosmic justice is impossible does it go so far to say look we shouldn't even attempt it we can go back up and see but right now he is looking better than the other choices we can have a quick look at a one should refrain from action how the jury isn't saying we should do nothing so so a is not good be whether punishment is fair matters less some other deters crime again passage be mentioned that but deterrence isn't mentioned in passage a so stick around for another minute we'll go up and we'll see whether we can find proof that passage a says that look we shouldn't even try that does ring a bell so let's go find that you shouldn't even try an admission being is capable of perfectly considering all these things but we are not with all the limitations that we face as mere humans the best we can reasonably do is judge primarily based on outputs our consequences rather than inputs basically we can't do it we are not able to perfectly consider all these things so we just shouldn't do it at all so that support seems a little indirect so let's just see if there's anything that's a little more direct okay at the end of the first paragraph says but our human legal system should not try to dispense cosmic justice since we do not know all the critical relevant facts or understand all the complex causal interrelationships involved or even know definitively what cosmic justice really is so if ever there were support for an answer here we have it we basically have three different reasons why our human legal systems should not try to dispense cosmic justice since one we do not know all the critical relevant facts or understand all the complex causal interrelationships involved or even know definitively what cosmic justice really is so we have some strong support right there at the end of the first paragraph so that we know for certain that our answer here is is if a goal is known to be impossible so you can cosmic justice then it should not be attempted this is our answer