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Current time:0:00Total duration:4:27

Working with disputes | Worked example

Video transcript

Laurel says modern moral theories must be jettisoned or at least greatly reworked because they fail to provide guidance in extreme cases which are precisely the times when people need when people most need guidance Miriam says a moral theory like an overcoat can be quite useful even if it is not useful in every possible situation being useful in a wide variety of common circumstances is all we need from a moral theory so it's interesting let's think about where they agree and where they disagree so where they agree they both say that these moral theories don't cover every circumstance so moral theories don't cover every case don't cover every case now what are they disagreeing about laurels saying that's not good enough you need the moral theories in the extreme cases and if they're not covering that well we got to throw these away come up with new ones or at least rework them but Mary I'm saying I don't know if as they cover a broad class of cases even if they're not covering the extreme cases they're still useful it's being useful in a wide variety of common circumstances is all we need from a more moral theory so not only is Miriam saying that it's useful but she's saying it's all we need from a moral theory so let's see what they're asking us about this laurels and Miriam's statements provide the most support for the claim that they disagree about whether a it is preferable to develop a moral theory that provides solutions to all the moral dilemmas that could arise that does look like what they're disagreeing about because Miriam is saying hey you just needed two common circumstances while Laurel says hey we need we need to find guidance in the extreme cases so this choice looks interesting but let before we pick it let's see if we can rule out the other choices people abandoned earlier moral theories when they encountered dilemmas that those theories did not add really address so they're not making any statements neither of them are making any statements about why people abandoned earlier moral theories laurels saying that we have to abandon current ones because they're not covering the extreme cases Miriam says no no moral theories okay if it covers the common ones the common circumstance that's actually all you need but they're not debating why people have abandoned earlier moral theories so I will definitely I will rule this one out rule that one out all right see a moral theories adequacy depends on its ability to provide guidance in extreme cases now this looks even better because this is getting really to the heart of it because Laurel says look if you can't provide guidance in extreme cases throw out that thing jettison it it's not adequate well Miriam says you're not adequate that's all you need so actually I like choice C BETT er than choice a a was it is preferable to develop a moral theory that provides solutions to all the moral dilemmas that could arise so there there debate here their statements it's really talking about whether a moral theory is adequate or not it's not talking about developing moral theories or how you'd want to go about developing it so even though I kind of like a in the beginning I'm going to rule that out because C is looking very strong we're talking with they're debating about what makes a moral theory adequate and in terms of whether it covers extreme cases or not choice D just as people need different overcoats in different climates so to do they need different moral theories on different occasions no neither of them are talking about needing different moral theories in different local and different circumstances so I would rule that one out C is looking very strong let's see what he tells us a moral theory developed in the light of extreme cases is unlikely to provide adequate guidance in more usual cases no neither of them are making that argument they're not saying neither of them is saying on either side of the argument that hey if you focus on the extreme that you're not going to be able to comment or vice versa so rule that one out and we should feel pretty good about picking choice C