Health and medicine
Lung cancer types
There are several different types of lung cancer, such as small cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and carcinoid . Learn how each type of lung cancer occurs, and how common they are amongst other lung cancers. Created by Amanda Grieco.
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- around what age do you get lung and/or heart cancer(2 votes)
- Some people tend to think cancer comes at certain ages but that's not true! You can get it when you're 6 years old or get it when you're 60 it doesn't matter. As long as you live a healthy life, eat right, and try to stay away from contaminants of any kind. When people say you get a type of cancer at a specific age that's just because people have conducted a research and averaged out that age. Like what I was talking about above about contaminants and stuff, my mother eats healthy and is safe but she got radioactive medicine before, 4-5 years after she got leukemia (blood cancer, affects white blood cells) so that radioactive medicine caused it to spark. You can get cancer from many things, smoking, eating unhealthy, not exercising, being contaminated by chemicals and radioactive things. If you have any further questions feel free to ask :)(2 votes)
- I found in the book that it said the ratio of adenocarcinoma is about 27%, and squamous cell carcinoma is about 35%. Which one is true?(2 votes)
- cell wall ?? isn't it cell membrane cause they are animal cells......(2 votes)
- What about the other 15% of non-small lung cancer?(2 votes)
- I think she broke the 85% that are non-small into pieces: 40% + 30% + 10% + 5%. I think she also refers to these as percents of non-small, which isn't exactly correct, as they should be percents of all lung cancers, if I understand her correctly. The "missing" 15% is just the small cell which make up 15% of lung cancers which she mentioned first. I too was wondering this same thing. Hope this helps!(1 vote)
- What hormones does the carcinoid secrete?(1 vote)
- Serotonin, Bradykinin, Histamine are fluids the carcinoid tumour secretes.(2 votes)
- which one is worse small or non small(0 votes)
- small is worse because it spreads quicker and contaminates more parts of the body.(3 votes)
Voiceover: There are several different types of lung cancer, and to determine the type a patient has, cancer cells need to be taken from either fluid around the lungs, or from a lung tissue sample known as a biopsy or from a sputum sample. Then this sample is taken back to the lab, where the cells are looked at under a microscope, and a diagnosis is made based on some characteristics of the cell. There are two main categories of lung cancer, one being small cell lung cancer, and the other non-small cell lung cancer. Maybe you can already tell that these two main categories have to do with the actual size of the cell. For small cell lung cancer, this is a tiny cell, so I like to think of it as a baby cell. A baby doesn't have much distance from its head to i's toes, right? Well, a small cell, then, doesn't have much distance from one side to the other. That means its nucleus and cell wall are close to each other. Also like a baby, this particular type of cell is not fully developed. Small cell lung cancer typically occurs in females. Let me draw her here with a pink bow, and give her a cigarette, because this occurs in females with a long history of smoking. A thing to keep in mind about this type of lung cancer, is that it divides quickly, and spreads rapidly throughout the body. In fact, by the time it's diagnosed, it's usually in numerous locations in the body. The way I remember this is that a small cell lung cancer is associated with heavy smoking. So let me draw a female with some extra cigarettes. If she's rapidly smoking, she has a greater risk of developing the rapidly dividing and rapidly spreading type of lung cancer. This accounts for about 15% of all lung cancers. But what about the other 85%? Eighty-five percent of the time, it's a non-small cell lung cancer diagnosis. Now, these are big, mature cells, and there's lots of mature cells in the respiratory tract. So this category has subcategories, depending on which type of mature cell has become cancerous. Here, I'm going to draw a big cell, lots of distance from the nucleus to the cell wall. This mature cell has the function of secreting mucin. So let me write that here. Mucin is responsible for keeping the lungs moist. If this cell becomes cancerous, it's called an adenocarcinoma. Adeno meaning coming from a gland, and glands produce mucin. This occurs 40% of the time in all non-small cell lung cancers. This is going to affect women, so again here's my bow. But I'm not going to include a cigarette this time, because it actually affects both smokers and nonsmokers. For this next subcategory, I need to draw two cells. They're still large, but they're a little flatter this time, and they're kind of stapled together by these proteins that make up a desmasome. It helps the cells create a barrier between the airways and the rest of the body. Keratin is also in the cells. This is a lot like the keratin you find in our hair and serves a protective function. If these cells become cancerous, it's called a squamous cell carcinoma. This occurs about 30% of the time, and in males this time, so let me give him a blue hat. Males who have a history of smoking. Of all the non-small cell lung cancers, this one has the greatest link to smoking. Okay, let's move this canvas up and talk about another sub-type. Here's a nice large, round cell, and actually, it doesn't have much more defining characteristics than that, so it's simply called a large cell carcinoma, and it occurs in male smokers. Oh, I almost forgot. Large cell carcinomas occur in 10% of all non-small cell lung cancers. Finally, there's this flask-shaped cell that has added space here, some nerves, and when it receives signals from these nerves, it releases hormones. If one of these cells becomes cancerous, The cancer is called a carcinoid. This happens about 5% of the time. Interestingly, males and females have an equal risk of developing carcinoid cancers, and there's really no direct link to smoking. Now I hope you can see that there's many different types of lung cancers, and it's important to know what type a patient has, because it affects things like treatment options and prognosis.