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Video transcript

so a phobia is this extreme and unreasonable or irrational fear of something that's something could be anything from an animal to an inanimate object to situations or activities having a phobia isn't just your everyday worries stresses or fears though it's not just being scared of dark alley or being worried about flying on a plane people with specific phobias work super hard to avoid whatever object they're afraid of even if they know that there's actually no real danger or threatened and they might feel powerless to stop this fear and feel extreme anxiety even thinking about the object because of this phobias can seriously disrupt daily routines limit your work efficiency reduce your self-esteem and strain relationships because someone might do whatever they can to avoid feeling the anxious and sometimes terrifying feelings of a phobia as an example many people might feel a little uneasy or annoyed camping at night when tons of moths start to swarm around your lanterns but knowing that this will probably happen likely won't affect your decision to go camping right someone with modify bia or fear of moths might actually avoid the camping trip altogether because they know that there's this chance of seeing a moth this avoidance might interfere with your social life and your relationship with your friends so obviously a fear of moths isn't the only phobia though it's not even in the top 10 anyway some of the more common phobias are things like a fear of blood or hemophobia as well as other fears of medical procedures especially things like injections in needles there can also be fears of animals though especially snakes or a video phobia dogs or sign of phobia and spiders are arachnids ample situation could be like claustrophobia which is a fear of constricted or enclosed or tight spaces someone with claustrophobia might have this intense fear of getting on an elevator because it's so compact as somewhat of an opposite example agoraphobia is a fear of going out into an open or crowded space which can be anything from malls or markets to theaters oftentimes they're fearful of not being able to escape someone might also have a fear of Heights are falling which is acrophobia or if you're flying aerophobia and finally you could be afraid of some natural phenomenon - like lightning which is called astraphobia now being exposed to the feared object or even thinking about being exposed to the feared object might cause severe symptoms of anxiety that are much stronger than the real threat people with phobias often catastrophize or immediately jump to the worst-case scenario and also overestimate the chances of that actually happening and this might lead to physical symptoms like sweating muscle control issues or fast heart rates even though certain things like spiders can cause anxiety with a lot of people it's super important to emphasize the difference between an everyday anxiety about something and a specific phobia as an example an everyday anxiety might be feeling queasy when you enter the spider exhibit at the zoo someone with arachnophobia or fear of spiders might avoid going to the zoo altogether to avoid seeing any spiders another everyday anxiety might be feeling dizzy when climbing a ladder someone with a fear of heights might not go to their best friend's wedding just because it's on the thirtieth floor of a hotel finally an everyday anxiety might be being scared on a plane during severe turbulence where someone with an arrow phobia might avoid getting on the plane altogether even if it was to go accept a promotion to their job so if someone actually does have a phobia and it's not just this everyday fear what causes it where does this come from well the answer to that is not really known but one thing that is known is that you're more likely to have a phobia if you have a family member with a phobia another way someone might develop a phobia though is from specific bad experiences for example someone that suffered a severe bite by a rabid dog might develop saina phobia or fear of dogs or even seeing someone else being very afraid of something could trigger a specific phobia those that have a phobia will likely be diagnosed by a healthcare professional that asked specific questions about your symptoms as well as having your physical exam taken and asking about particular medications which can all help rule out other medical conditions that might be producing the anxiety once the phobia is diagnosed though treatment can be administered and here it's important to tailor the treatment to the specific patient since patients respond differently to therapy especially if other conditions are involved like depression or drug abuse cognitive behavior therapy is specific kind of psychotherapy is particularly effective for specific phobias first therapists will likely try to help the patient identify mistaken beliefs and realize they're probably overestimating their fear and talk about the realistic risks for example being bitten by a rabid dog is actually a pretty rare occurrence secondly they'll expose the person to the feared situation using the same example the therapist might have the patient get closer to a dog which helps them learn to take acceptable risks that are relatively safe although the treatment regimen varies with each patient and the time required for treatment also varies the vast majority of people with specific phobias can be helped with professional care