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Current time:0:00Total duration:6:26

What's in sweat? (Holocrine, Apocrine, Merocrine Glands)

Video transcript

so to continue our discussion of appendages I'll just come to this palm side right here and so I'll draw this little water droplet indicate this person has a very sweaty palm and the reason why it's so sweaty is because this guy has a lot of sweat glands so a lot of sweat glands that are on his palm or maybe elsewhere in his body and as I mentioned in an earlier video our glands are situated in the reticular dermis there in the reticular dermis and they have ducts that lead out into the external environment to help coat our skin with their secretions and now we have three types of glands that exist in our skin they're called the hollow Krynn gland there's the a Pokhran gland and finally the marrow crin gland so I'll kind of compare and contrast them here the first thing to realize is that the way we name these types of glands indicate how they release their secretions the hollow crin gland releases its secretions by disintegrating the whole cell so the entire cell breaks down to release what's called sebum sebum and so another name for holocrine glands are sebaceous glands sebaceous because they release sebum now a Pokhran glands release secretions from the apex of the cell or the top of the cell breaks off so the top of your cell breaks off to release a mixture of proteins lipids and steroids so proteins lipids and steroids so a whole bunch of things right here and finally merocrine secretion or merocrine glands lease their secretions which is mostly the watery sweat we think of these are the main sweat glands we talk about they release watery sweat by a process you may be familiar with it's called exocytosis that's the budding off of the cell membrane with contents from inside the cell which in this case would just be watery salty contents that would be sweat now let's get a little more room right here and talk about where each of these types of sweat glands are found holocrine sweat glands are found on the face the chest and the back the face the chest and the back it looks like I didn't write it here but I want to make sure you know that coelom is mostly an oily substance so it's more lipid concentrated than say something like your April cringe secretions so it's very oily and now your apron glands are mostly concentrated in your armpits the groin and around the nipples the armpits the groin and around the nipples and the main thing here that's unique about the apron sweat glands is that they release their contents into the hair follicle so they release their contents into the hair follicle which is unique from the other types of sweat glands we're talking about and then finally our merocrine glands which are our bread-and-butter sweat glands are found literally everywhere else everywhere else in the body and they're mostly concentrated in our palms of our hands like with this guy up here palms and our hands and even the soles of our feet our palms and our souls and then finally what are the functions of these three types of glands well for our holocrine or our sebaceous glands this oily or lipid rich sebum is meant to lubricate the skin so it lubricates our skin and in doing so that also slows bacterial growth so it slows bacterial growth by making it difficult for bacteria to move around and divide so slows bacterial growth now for eight per Kringle hands the interesting thing about him is that they don't even really begin to release secretions until after puberty hits till after puberty and the reason why could be better understood when we talk about animals because a procuring glands and animals release things like pheromones and warning signals and even territorial marking signs that we don't really practice as human beings so the interesting thing about apical hands is that they're involved in what's called emotional sweating emotional sweating and they're an ongoing topic of research emotional sweating meaning that these glands are most active during times of great anxiety stress fear and even pain and finally our merocrine glands are actually I'd say our most important glance because they help us cool down through evaporative cooling we talked about that in a separate video so they help us cool down with our sweat they help us eliminate waste products as well so any extra nitrogenous waste products that we might have or water or electrolytes we don't need we release through our merocrine glands in our sweat and finally merocrine glands also release things like lysozymes lysozymes which are enzymes that lyse bacteria and even antibodies which are immune illogic antibodies that'll help tag bacteria and other foreign pathogens or bad stuff that could cause damage to our skin in our bodies tag these things for elimination so your sweat is far more important than just cooling you down it even helps your livelihood in addition to all the other things we talked about here so there's a lot going on when we talk about our glands and the rest of the appendages we've appreciated here