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Current time:0:00Total duration:2:23

Treating type II diabetes - A practical approach

Video transcript

let's briefly go over a practical approach to treating type 2 diabetes the first step is a diabetes education program now this is a very important element of treating type 2 diabetes as it teaches individuals about the disease it's potential complications and how it can be treated these programs will work with individuals to create nutrition and exercise plans that will help them to succeed in living a healthy lifestyle now the second step in the treatment of type 2 diabetes will vary depending on the severity of the disease at the time of diagnosis if the condition is mild meaning the individual has no symptoms or evidence of complications from diabetes then they can probably just start with lifestyle modifications alone however if the condition is moderate or severe meaning they have symptoms of type 2 diabetes or evidence of its complications then they should be started with lifestyle modifications as well as metformin which is the first-line medication for type 2 diabetes after being started on these interventions the individual should be rechecked by their primary care provider in one to two months if their hemoglobin a1c has improved and their diabetes is under control then they can move on to routine follow-up which consists of a primary care visit at least two times per year as well as a yearly dilated eye exam by an ophthalmologist however if their hemoglobin a1c is not improved and their diabetes is not well controlled then a second-line medication should be added to the regimen and the type of medication may vary by individual and so this decision should be discussed with one's primary care provider then once again the individual should have a recheck appointment in one to two months and the process then repeats itself from here on so the fourth step would be to add a second second-line medication then the fifth and last step is that if an individual with type 2 diabetes cannot control their condition with metformin and two additional second-line medications then insulin should be added to their treatment regimen and then the dose should be adjusted accordingly until he or she is able to maintain normal blood glucose levels by using this practical approach to treating type 2 diabetes health care providers can help individuals live a happy and healthy life free of the complications of type 2 diabetes