Current time:0:00Total duration:13:11

0 energy points

If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains ***.kastatic.org** and ***.kasandbox.org** are unblocked.

Main content
# Contractility, Ea, and preload effects on PV boxes

Current time:0:00Total duration:13:11

0 energy points