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Current time:0:00Total duration:7:09

Video transcript

let's talk about hypertension and I'll write that here hypertension and hypertension basically means high blood pressure and we actually categorize it in different groups so let's use my blood pressure of 115 over 75 as an example and I had drawn a small figure for you we're at blood pressure on this side and I add time on this side and I said that my blood pressure does something like that where the peak is 115 this is the systolic blood pressure and I said that the lowest point is going to be for me 75 and that was my diastolic blood pressure and we know everyone has a different blood pressure so let's organize blood pressures into groups let's say let's figure out kind of what group goes where and so to do that I'm going to draw a couple number lines so let's imagine that I have here in brown I'll do my systolic blood pressure on this side and I'll do the diastolic on the other side I'll do diastolic over here and we're going to actually put them next to each other and let's say I'll try to make them at the same size like that so let's say this is really high pressure this would be like 200 and is all in millimeters of mercury 200 millimeters of mercury and at the very bottom would be zero so let's make them kind of the same and that means that up here would be about a hundred and this would be about one let's say this is 120 this is about 140 let's say maybe this is 160 this is 180 and I'm going to do the same thing here let's say this is about 100 except this time I'm going to go on the other side let's say this is about 80 and this is 60 40 20 maybe I didn't draw it as as well but I think you got the idea so so this is my number line and the reason I drew the system like numbers higher than the diastolic siz because we know that generally speaking or not generally speaking always the systolic pressure is going to be higher than the diastolic pressure so that's why I separated it out but you can imagine that these numbers go up and these go down and just being lazy and not drawing it all out so let's say that my pressure is 115 this is my systolic pressure now let's do that one first where does that fit well on this number line 115 would be about right here and actually anything below 120 is actually kind of in the Green Zone and this goes all the way down all the way down to zero so let's say my systolic was you know 97 or 103 that would all be in the Green Zone and what I mean by that is I would say I do not have hypertension I have no hypertension so that's kind of a nice safe area to have your blood pressure in in terms of hypertension now for diastolic pressures we know that diastolic pressures are the low range of a blood pressure and so those numbers are going to be lower here anything below 80 is considered kind of in that safe green zone so below 80 is where you want to be and and I want to be very specific I I don't mean to say that a blood pressure of five would be good what I mean is that you don't have hypertension so you don't have high blood pressure and that's and that's very different from having low blood pressure so just for right now the green zone in terms of high blood pressure now let's say my systolic blood pressure was a little bit higher let's say it's a I don't know let's say it's between 120 and 140 somewhere in here then I'm in the yellow zone and that yellow zone means that I don't have hypertension but I'm getting there right so I'm getting closer and this would be pre hypertension and on the other side on the diastolic side we use 90 as a cutoff so I'll write in 90 and anything between 80 and 90 would be kind of in that yellow zone and that's your pre hypertension zone that's pre hypertension so you're still not there yet now in terms of high blood pressures again you don't want high blood pressures but in terms of getting there if you're above 140 you have hypertension so this zone in here 140 to 160 in particular is considered stage 1 hypertension stage 1 and between 90 and 100 for diastolic that would be stage 1 stage 1 and now if you have something above 160 for your systolic blood pressure so I'll just say above 160 that means even higher than 200 so let's say you have 201 that would be stage 2 so you can see that the higher you go the higher your stage number and the same trip is true on this side so let's say you have a really high diastolic blood pressure well above 100 you'd have stage 2 hypertension all the way down there this is stage 2 so I'm just going to a couple quick examples for you so let's say I'll do them in yellow a different color let's say that you have 145 as a systolic and your diastolic is let's say 87 145 is right here right and 87 is going to be doing the same color just to be consistent so 145 is right here and 87 is in here so your systolic pressure is Stage one hypertension in your diastolic pressure is in pre hypertension so when you're in different stages for the diastolic and systolic what you do the rule is that you go with the higher stage then this stage stage one is higher so this person would be considered stage 1 hypertension now we can do one more example just to make sure you get it so let's do a different color let's say I'll do the next one in red so you have let's say 126 over let's say 101 well this person 126 is actually right here and 101 is right above the hundred mark right there so this person is actually pre-hypertensive if you're looking at just their systolic value but they're actually in stage 2 hypertension if you're looking at their diastolic value so overall they're going to be in stage 2 because the rule again is that you go with the higher stage so that's how you figure out what stage of hypertension someone's in