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Acids and bases
What makes a compound acidic or basic? We will learn about the different definitions for acids and bases, and how we measure how acidic or basic a substance is. We will be putting our chemical equilibrium knowledge to good use when we look at the reactivity of weak acids and bases.
Definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, and Arrhenius acid-base reactions
Arrhenius definition of acids and bases
Definition of Brønsted-Lowry acids and bases, strong and weak acids and bases, and how to identify conjugate acid-base pairs
Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases. Conjugate acids and bases.
Autoionization of water into hydronium and hydroxide ions
Introduction to pH and the pH scale. Examples of calculating pH of pure water, bleach, and orange juice.
Deriving the relationship between pKw, pH, and pOH. Calculating the pH or pOH of strong acids and bases.
Common strong acids and strong bases. Examples of calculating the pH of a nitric acid solution, sodium hydroxide solution, and a calcium hydroxide solution.