Acids and bases

2 articles
6 videos
What makes a compound acidic or basic? We will learn about the different definitions for acids and bases, and how we measure how acidic or basic a substance is. We will be putting our chemical equilibrium knowledge to good use when we look at the reactivity of weak acids and bases.

Arrhenius acids and bases

ARTICLE
Definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, and Arrhenius acid-base reactions

Arrhenius definition of acids and bases

VIDEO 7:50 minutes
Arrhenius definition of acids and bases

Bronsted-Lowry acid base theory

ARTICLE
Definition of Brønsted-Lowry acids and bases, strong and weak acids and bases, and how to identify conjugate acid-base pairs

Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases

VIDEO 8:57 minutes
Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids and bases. Conjugate acids and bases.

Autoionization of water

VIDEO 10:54 minutes
Autoionization of water into hydronium and hydroxide ions

Definition of pH

VIDEO 11:37 minutes
Introduction to pH and the pH scale. Examples of calculating pH of pure water, bleach, and orange juice.

pH, pOH of strong acids and bases

VIDEO 14:49 minutes
Deriving the relationship between pKw, pH, and pOH. Calculating the pH or pOH of strong acids and bases.

Strong acids and strong bases

VIDEO 12:32 minutes
Common strong acids and strong bases. Examples of calculating the pH of a nitric acid solution, sodium hydroxide solution, and a calcium hydroxide solution.