We can combine our knowledge of acids and bases, equilibrium, and neutralization reactions to understand buffers and titrations. Solubility equilibria will build on concepts from solubility, precipitation, and equilibrium.
Chemists use titrations to determine the concentration of an acid, base, or other substance in solution. We will cover the different types (strong acid/strong base, strong acid/weak base, weak acid/strong base, and redox), calculating the pH at different points of the titration, and choosing indicators.
In this tutorial we will learn how to think about the solubility and precipitation of ionic compounds in the context of chemical equilibrium. We will also look at different factors that can affect the solubility such as pH and the formation of complex ions.