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Climate change

AP.ENVSCI: STB‑4 (EU), STB‑4.F (LO), STB‑4.F.7 (EK), STB‑4.F.8 (EK), STB‑4.F.9 (EK), STB‑4.G (LO), STB‑4.G.1 (EK), STB‑4.G.2 (EK), STB‑4.H (LO), STB‑4.H.1 (EK)


A group of environmental science students designed an experiment to study how different surfaces of the Earth reflect and absorb heat. They set up four identical dishes, each with a different material, and placed them under a lamp (as illustrated below).
A lamp shines on four materials in shallow glass dishes. The materials are water, light soil, dark soil, and white sand.
Students recorded the temperature of each material before and after the lamp was turned on for 10 minutes.
Which material will likely have the largest temperature increase during the experiment?
Choose 1 answer: