If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

## Statistics and probability

### Course: Statistics and probability>Unit 2

Lesson 1: Displaying quantitative data with graphs

# Histograms review

## Histograms

A histogram displays numerical data by grouping data into "bins" of equal width. Each bin is plotted as a bar whose height corresponds to how many data points are in that bin.
Bins are also sometimes called "intervals", "classes", or "buckets".

The heights of the bars tell us how many data points are in each bin.
For example, this histogram says that Leonard's patch has $8$ pumpkins whose mass is between $6$ and $9$ kilograms.
Want to practice some more problems like this? Check out this exercise.

## Creating a histogram

Below are the lengths (in meters) of Luiza's $8$ drives from the last time that she played golf.
$23,78,130,147,156,177,184,213$
Here's how to make a histogram of this data:
Step 1: Decide on the width of each bin. If we go from $0$ to $250$ using bins with a width of $50$, we can fit all of the data in $5$ bins.
There is no strict rule on how many bins to use—we just avoid using too few or too many bins.
Step 2: Count how many data points fall in each bin.
Driving distance (in meters)Data pointsNumber of drives
$0$-$49$$23$$1$
$50$-$99$$78$$1$
$100$-$149$$130,147$$2$
$150$-$199$$156,177,184$$3$
$200$-$249$$213$$1$
Step 3: Scale the $x$-axis from $0$ to $250$ using intervals of width $50$. Label the $x$-axis "driving distance (meters)".
Step 4: Scale the $y$-axis up to $3$—or something just past it—since that will be the highest bar.
Step 5: Draw a bar for each interval so its height matches the number of drives in that interval.
Want to try some problems like this? Check out this exercise.

## Want to join the conversation?

• Which is the difference between a Histogram and a bar graph? for what we use each of them?, what we are compering in each one?
• the difference is that a histogram is a graph with ranges and bar graph is exact.
• Is a histogram simply a bar graph with a range quantities for each bar, or is there another reason? I also noticed that in all of the histograms the bars are connected, or touching one another. Does that have something to do with it?
• In Histogram you are actually using continuous data rather than categorical data.
• khan academy has w rizz
• Correct. I agree with that question.
• are these histograms the same as bar graphs
• Histograms are very similar to bar graphs, but there are some differences. Histograms show numerical data whereas bar graphs show categorical data. Also bar graphs have spacing between the bars, and histograms don't have spacing.
• I am confused regarding "histogram used for continous data" at some places i have read that it is graph drawn (line joining the topmost mid section reading of all intervals)
(1 vote)
• A histogram shows the frequency of data. It has intervals at the x- axis and the frequency at the y- axis. I believe what you are suggesting might be referred to as a line graph? Histograms don't exactly show continuous data, but they definitely show frequency. Hope that helped! Happy Learning!
• What is the main difference between a Histogram and a bar graph?
• I think the difference is bar graph uses signal kind of date , histogram uses group of data and group them in pens
• How do you take the variance of a Histogram? I am a little confused as to how to find the mean of multiple buckets. More specifically which numbers do you use of the range of the bucket to find the mean and subsequently the variance and standard deviation of a data set given only in histogram form?
• For mean, take the midpoint(M) of every bucket and multiply it with the frequency(f). Take the sum of all these (f.M) and divide it by the sum of frequencies. So mean will be Σf.M/Σf.