Main content

### Course: Statistics and probability > Unit 1

Lesson 1: Analyzing one categorical variable- Identifying individuals, variables and categorical variables in a data set
- Individuals, variables, and categorical & quantitative data
- Reading pictographs
- Read picture graphs (multi-step problems)
- Reading bar graphs
- Reading bar graphs: Harry Potter
- Creating a bar graph
- Create bar graphs
- Reading bar charts: comparing two sets of data
- Read bar graphs (2-step problems)
- Reading bar charts: putting it together with central tendency
- Reading pie graphs (circle graphs)
- Picture graphs (pictographs) review
- Bar graphs review

© 2024 Khan AcademyTerms of usePrivacy PolicyCookie Notice

# Creating a bar graph

Sal creates a bar chart using data from a survey. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

- In a bar graph if you don't display all the data, is the problem still incorrect?(24 votes)
- From what I know, yes. The answer is incorrect if you don't have all the data on the graph(13 votes)

- What is quantitative?(15 votes)
- When something is quantitative it means that it can be represented as a quantity, which is to say a number. In the case of statistics a variable is quantitative when it deals with numbers.

For example, a teacher's favorite class is chemistry, their favorite class is a categorical variable. But if you say the number of teachers whose favorite class is chemistry is 3, that would be a quantitative variable, because it deals with numbers.(23 votes)

- can you do half numbers?(16 votes)
- You can do halves or any fractions. It just depends on your data.

If your numbers were: 1 1/2, 3, 4 1/2 and 5 1/2, then you'd want to do halves.

If your numbers were all whole numbers, there would be no reason to do halves.(6 votes)

- which side is the x- axis and which is the y- axis?(7 votes)
- The
**x-axis**is the horizontal (side-to-side) line that goes from left to right. In this bar graph, the x-axis is labeled with courses: physics, chemistry, geometry, history, and language.

The**y-axis**if the vertical (up-and-down) line that goes from bottom to top. The y-axis is labeled with numbers to show the number of teachers.

Hope this helps!(17 votes)

- Is this the right practice to do for first year college statistics and probability? It seems a little too easy and I want to make sure I'm taking the correct course.(11 votes)
- The first few units cover the basics but by the end of the course it will get much more advanced. So you are in the right place!(8 votes)

- Can you use decimals in plot diagrams? Would the be wrong?(5 votes)
- Yes you can use decimals. On a plot diagram each line has a number. You would put 1 2 3 4. For decimals, on one line put 1, the 2nd line leave blank, the 3rd line would be 2. You would see 1 / 2 The / is the line with no number in-between 1 and 2 and that would be 1.5 Add more lines dependent on decimals.

So 2.3 would be 1 / / / / / / / / / 2 / / / / / / / / / / The 3rd / after 2 is 2.3 each / is .1

/ this is a line as the numbers, except you leave it blank. Even if it starts at 2.3 you do not put 2.3 under the line.(6 votes)

- Can continuous data be represented in bar graphs also or it is only represented through histograms?(3 votes)
- You can read the following article, I hope it will help you!

https://www.toppr.com/guides/maths/statistics/bar-graphs-and-histogram/(5 votes)

- What is a dependent variable and an independent variable?(3 votes)
- maybe you are asking "but
**why**are they called dependent and independent?" when you study 2 variables, usually what you are interested in, is how they might affect each other in the real world. does change in one of them depend on a change in the other one?

example: does the amount of hair gel i use in my daily selfie cause a change in the number of likes i get? in this question, "number of likes" is the dependent variable (DV) and "amount of hair gel used" is the independent variable (IV).

But you say, telling me that doesn't make it any clearer! Ask, "when there is a change in one of the variables does it make sense that it could be due to a change in the other one?" Take the 2 variables and ask them in the form of questions: "Does a change in the amount of hair gel a person uses cause a change in the number of likes?" OR "Do the number of likes a person gets cause a change in the amount of hair gel that person uses?" The first question describes the true relationship. If a person gets more likes all of a sudden, it is due to some change that has already happened, in this case, more gel. Make sense?(5 votes)

- Shouldn't the Y axis say 20 teachers?(3 votes)
- Not really........ You just need enough room to fit all the data. No group had more than 10 so you didn't need to make room for 20. If you had a larger y-axis on the page all the information would look small and the entire top of the graph would be unused.(3 votes)

- Can you do bar graphs with decimals?(3 votes)
- Yes, you can have a bar graph with decimals however there has to be a pattern with the numbers to it.(2 votes)

## Video transcript

20 teachers were asked
about their favorite course. 7 teachers said language. 3 teachers said history. 9 teachers said geometry. 1 teacher said chemistry. 0 teachers said physics. Create a bar chart showing
everyone's favorite courses. So we've got the bar
chart right over here. And let's see what
we need to plot. So it said, 0
teachers said physics, which is surprising
to me since physics is arguably my favorite course. But let's plot
what the data has. So physics-- so right now
it looks like it's halfway between 0 and 1, so
you actually have to bring the physics down to 0. Let's see, chemistry. Let's see, 1 teacher
said chemistry, so we got to bring
chemistry up to 1. Now, 9 teachers said geometry. So geometry, let's
bring that up to nine. 1 teacher said chemistry. Oh, I already read that. History. History. 3 teachers said history, so
let's bring history up to 3. And then language. 7 teachers said language,
so let's move this up to 7. And I think if I didn't
make any careless mistakes, we should be done. Yep. Very good.