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Sal evaluates an expression with and without parentheses. Created by Sal Khan.
Video transcript
What I wanna do is think about whether this expression right over here, would evaluate the same way, whether or not we had parenthesis. So to think about that, let's first think about how it would evaluate if we had the parenthesis. So if we have the parenthesis, we want to do what's ever in the parenthesis first. And so here we have 8 minus 3 which is equal to 5. So this simplifies to 5 times, 5 times 8 minus 3. And now we want to do the multiplication before we do subtraction. This goes back to order of operations. You do your multiplication and division first. Well, you do your parenthesis first. Then, if you have multiplication, division, addition, and subtraction all in a row, you want to do your multiplication and your division first. So here, we're going to multiply 5 times 8 to get 40 and then we're going to subtract 3 to get 37. Now let's think about what this would evaluate to If we did not have the parentheses. So it would be 8, minus 3, times 8 minus 3. So, we just have to remind ourselves about the order of operations. The convention is, is to do your multiplication first. So you're actually going to multiply the 3 times the 8, before you subtract it from this 8 and then before you subtract this 3. So, we took away the parentheses, but the order of operations say, hey, do this multiplication first. We could even put a parentheses here to emphasize that. So, this will become 8 minus, 8 minus 24. Let me write it this way. 8 minus 24 minus 3. 8 minus 24, minus 3. Now 8 minus 24 is negative 16, you subtract a negative, another 3, you're gonna get to negative 19, so clearly, clearly, you get very, very different values depending on whether or not you have parentheses.