Review whole numbers, integers, rational, and irrational numbers.  Then, practice identifying each.  

Whole numbers

start color greenD, W, h, o, l, e, space, n, u, m, b, e, r, s, end color greenD are numbers that do not need to be represented with a fraction or decimal. Also, whole numbers cannot be negative. In other words, whole numbers are the counting numbers and zero.
Examples of whole numbers:
4, comma, 952, comma, 0, comma, 73

Integers

start color blueD, I, n, t, e, g, e, r, s, end color blueD are whole numbers and their opposites. Therefore, integers can be negative.
Examples of integers:
12, comma, 0, comma, minus, 9, comma, minus, 810

Rational numbers

start color purpleD, R, a, t, i, o, n, a, l, space, n, u, m, b, e, r, s, end color purpleD are numbers that can be expressed as a fraction of two integers.
Examples of rational numbers:
44, comma, 0, point, start overline, 12, end overline, comma, minus, start fraction, 18, divided by, 5, end fraction, comma, square root of, 36, end square root

Irrational numbers

start color maroonD, I, r, r, a, t, i, o, n, a, l, space, n, u, m, b, e, r, s, end color maroonD are numbers that cannot be expressed as a fraction of two integers.
Examples of irrational numbers:
minus, 4, pi, comma, square root of, 3, end square root

How are the types of number related?

The following diagram shows that all whole numbers are integers, and all integers are rational numbers. Numbers that are not rational are called irrational.
Want to learn more about classifying numbers? Check out this video.

Practice

Problem 1
What type of number is square root of, 5, end square root?
Choose all answers that apply:
Choose all answers that apply:

Want to try more problems like this? Check out these exercises:
Classify numbers: rational & irrational
Classifying numbers