Main content

## MAP Recommended Practice

### Unit 8: Lesson 1

Area and circumference of circles- Radius, diameter, circumference & π
- Labeling parts of a circle
- Radius, diameter, & circumference
- Radius and diameter
- Radius & diameter from circumference
- Relating circumference and area
- Circumference of a circle
- Area of a circle
- Area of a circle
- Partial circle area and arc length
- Circumference of parts of circles
- Area of parts of circles
- Circumference review
- Area of circles review

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# Radius, diameter, & circumference

CCSS.Math:

Learn the relationship between the radius, diameter, and circumference of a circle.

## What is a circle?

We've all seen circles before. They have this perfectly round shape, which makes them perfect for hoola-hooping!

Every circle has a center, which is a point that lies exactly at the... well... center of the circle.
A circle is a shape where distance from the center to the edge of the circle is always the same:

You might have suspected this before, but in fact, the distance from the center of a circle to any point on the circle itself is exactly the same.

## Radius of a circle

This distance is called the radius of the circle.

## Diameter of a circle

The diameter is the length of the line through the center that touches two points on the edge of the circle.

Notice that a diameter is really just made up of two radii (by the way, "radii" is just the plural form of radius):

So, the diameter d of a circle is twice the radius r:

## Circumference of a circle

The circumference is the distance around a circle (its perimeter!):

Here are two circles with their circumference and diameter labeled:

Let's look at the ratio of the circumference to diameter of each circle:

Circle 1 | Circle 2 | |
---|---|---|

start fraction, start text, C, i, r, c, u, m, f, e, r, e, n, c, e, end text, divided by, start text, D, i, a, m, e, t, e, r, end text, end fraction: | start fraction, 3, point, 14159, point, point, point, divided by, 1, end fraction, equals, start color #e84d39, 3, point, 14159, point, point, point, end color #e84d39 | start fraction, 6, point, 28318, point, point, point, divided by, 2, end fraction, equals, start color #e84d39, 3, point, 14159, point, point, point, end color #e84d39 |

Fascinating! The ratio of the circumference C to diameter d of both circles is start color #e84d39, 3, point, 14159, point, point, point, end color #e84d39

This turns out to be true for all circles, which makes the number start color #e84d39, 3, point, 14159, point, point, point, end color #e84d39 one of the most important numbers in all of math! We call the number pi (pronounced like the dessert!) and give it its own symbol start color #e84d39, pi, end color #e84d39.

Multiplying both sides of the formula by d gives us

which lets us find the circumference C of any circle as long as we know the diameter d.

## Using the formula C, equals, pi, d

Let's find the circumference of the following circle:

The diameter is 10, so we can plug d, equals, 10 into the formula C, equals, pi, d:

That's it! We can just leave our answer like that in terms of pi. So, the circumference of the circle is 10, pi units.

Your turn to give it a try!

## Challenge problem

## Want to join the conversation?

- can you tell me the drivation of this formula(14 votes)
- Here the Greek letter π represents a constant, approximately equal to 3.14159, which is equal to the ratio of the circumference of any circle to its diameter. One method of deriving this formula, which originated with Archimedes, involves viewing the circle as the limit of a sequence of regular polygons.(27 votes)

- what happens if the circle is not perfectly round?(6 votes)
- Then technically it's not a circle(27 votes)

- How do we find the circumference when the radius is given? (<im a lil confuse)(2 votes)
- The circumference of a circle is c=pi times diameter. But if you have the radius and not the diameter, then you must multiply the radius by 2. You multiply it by 2 because the formula to find diameter is 2 times the radius. After you have multiplied the radius by 2, you can multiply that by pi, which is, in pi terms, the radiusx2 pi. That is the circumference of the circle.(2 votes)

- why is this so hard :((9 votes)
- it's not. you just have to understand(9 votes)

- Hi, my class just began working on spherical geometry and I was asked the question "True or false: In spherical geometry, two points always create one unique line" and I was unsure.(7 votes)
- Interesting question!

I assume that "line" is defined in the sense of spherical geometry, that is, a great circle on the spherical surface (that is, the circle's center is the sphere's center). It is**false**that two points always create a unique line in spherical geometry. Two antipodal points (for example, the north pole and south pole) would have infinitely many great circles connecting them (think of the meridians or "lines" of longitude connecting the poles).(10 votes)

- how do i find the circumference if the diameter is given(3 votes)
- Hi, to find the circumference and you have the diameter all you have to do is do the diameter times pi and the answer you get is the circumference. Another formula to find the circumference is if you have the diameter you divide the diameter by 2 and you get the radius. Once you have the radius you times the radius by 2 and times it by pie and then you get the circumference. Here are the two different formulas for finding the circumference:

C = πd

C = 2πr

d = diameter, C = circumference, and r = radius

Hope this helped :)(17 votes)

- When can I find the diameter of the circumference of a circle of a circle? How can I find the diameter of a circle?(6 votes)
- oh! For example your radius is 5 cm. Remember the diameter is two times the radius. So 5x2=10 so your diameter is 10. bye(6 votes)

- how to you find the radius of a circle when the circumference of a circle is given?(2 votes)
- The circumference formula is pi times diameter or 2 times pi times radius, so if the circumference is given, the radius would be the circumference divided by 2pi(7 votes)

- How to I find the diameter of a circle when the circumference is given?(4 votes)
- Just divide the circumference by pi or 3.14.(2 votes)

- How do i use pie for this or to fing the area? How would you do it? At:7:16pm(3 votes)
- well you use pi to find the area by multiplying it with the radius square which just means multiplying the radius by itself like 8x8 or 4x4 then multiplying it with pi to get your answer(2 votes)