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### Course: Get ready for Algebra 1 > Unit 3

Lesson 5: Writing & solving proportions# Multi-step ratio and percent problems

Use proportional relationships to solve multistep ratio and percent problems. Examples include simple interest, tax, markups and markdowns, gratuities and commissions, fees, percent increase and decrease, percent error.

## Problem 1: Magic carpet

A magic carpet is made with three colors of yarn. The ratio of each color in the carpet is shown below:

parts gold yarn$10$ parts bronze yarn$7$ parts silver yarn$3$

## Problem 2: Soccer

Joel is training for soccer season.

- On Monday, Joel exercises for
minutes before school, and$20$ of that time is spent playing soccer.$25\mathrm{\%}$ - On Monday, Joel exercises for
minutes after school, and$60$ of that time is spent playing soccer.$40\mathrm{\%}$

## Problem 3: Candles

A candle maker plans to make $30$ orange candles. She mixes wax to create a specific shade of orange. The ratio of each color in her mixture is shown below:

parts red wax$2$ parts yellow wax$5$ parts white wax$3$

## Want to join the conversation?

- almost none of this was covered in the videos.(132 votes)
- agreed. I spent more than 15 minutes on discount, markup, and commission rates.(7 votes)

- I dont know how to do ANY of this(97 votes)
- ong i dont know nun to this they got us dint this like its light work(9 votes)

- and why dont i see any of this stuff in the viedos(67 votes)
- I liked math until now ):(62 votes)
- math was better before until now *smh(7 votes)

- How do I even know what number to multiply by to get the percent?(34 votes)
- devide the percent by 100(0 votes)

- it's more complicated than in the videos.(38 votes)
- im failing this class IDK HOW TO DO ANY OF THISSSS(24 votes)
- Here's an example that might help you!

lets say that Joey exercised 60 min on Monday after school, and 40% of it was playing soccer. So on Monday, he practiced 60(.40)=24 minutes playing soccer.

He played 27 more (adding) minutes playing soccer on Tuesday after school. Adding 24+27=51.(13 votes)

- why wasn't an example like this done on the video. I don't understand this at all(24 votes)
- I think he just forgot to make a video for it.(3 votes)

- On the first question, how did you decide to multiply by 7.5? How was the problem set up? (part over whole)(17 votes)
- I think it is because in order to get '20' to '150' you need to multiply 7.5 by 20. In other words, 150/20 is 7.5 so we already have half of the ratio (The answer must be an equivalent ratio to 3 : 20). __:150. To get the last half of the answer, we must multiply 7.5 by 3 because we already found out that 150/20 is 7.5. 3 x 7.5 is 22.5 so the answer is 22.5 : 150. Hope this helps!(4 votes)

- i did not understand some questions(18 votes)