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Intro to division: FAQ

Frequently asked questions about the introduction to division.

What is division?

Division is a way of sharing or grouping things equally. In math, we often write it with the division symbol, divided by. For example, 6, divided by, 2 means we are dividing 6 into 2 equal parts.

How are division and multiplication related?

Division and multiplication are basically opposite operations. Multiplication involves taking two numbers and combining them to create a larger number. For example, 3, times, 4 or 4, times, 3 results in 12.
Division, on the other hand, takes one number and breaks it into a certain number of equal parts. For example, 12, divided by, 4 results in 3.

What do the numbers in a division equation mean?

The first number in a division equation is the dividend, or the number we're dividing up. The second number is the divisor, or the number of parts we're breaking the dividend into. The answer to a division equation is called the quotient.

What if I don't know my division facts?

There are different strategies we can use if we don't know our division facts. For example, we might be able to use repeated subtraction, draw pictures, or use multiplication facts to help us.

Why do we need to learn division?

Division is a useful skill that helps us solve many problems in math and in life. For example, we can use division to:
  • Find out how many groups we can make with a certain number of items.
  • Find out how many items are in each group when we know the total and the number of groups.
  • Compare the sizes of different groups or fractions.
  • Find the missing factor or quotient in a multiplication or division equation.

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