If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Intercepts of lines review (x-intercepts and y-intercepts)

The x-intercept is where a line crosses the x-axis, and the y-intercept is the point where the line crosses the y-axis. Thinking about intercepts helps us graph linear equations.

What are intercepts?

The x-intercept is the point where a line crosses the x-axis, and the y-intercept is the point where a line crosses the y-axis.
A coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each scale by one. The graph of the line is labeled y equals one-half x minus three. The y-intercept is labeled at the point zero, negative three. The x-intercept is labeled the point six, zero.
Want a deeper introduction to intercepts? Check out this video.

Example: Intercepts from a graph

Looking at the graph, we can find the intercepts.
A coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each scale by one. A graph of a line intersects the points zero, four and five, zero.
The line crosses the axes at two points:
A coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each scale by one. A graph of a line intersects the points zero, four and five, zero. Both of these points are plotted.
The point on the x-axis is left parenthesis, 5, comma, 0, right parenthesis. We call this the x-intercept.
The point on the y-axis is left parenthesis, 0, comma, 4, right parenthesis. We call this the y-intercept.

Example: Intercepts from a table

We're given a table of values and told that the relationship between x and y is linear.
xy
1minus, 9
3minus, 6
5minus, 3
Then we're asked to find the intercepts of the corresponding graph.
The key is realizing that the x-intercept is the point where y, equals, 0, and the y-intercept is where x, equals, 0.
A table of values. The left column is labeled x, and the right column is labeled y. When x is negative one, y is negative twelve. When x is one, y is negative nine. When x is three, y is negative six. When x is five, y is negative three. When x is seven, y is zero. Between every x-value there is a plus two which highlights the change of the x-values. Between every y-value there is a plus three which highlights the change of the y-values.
The point left parenthesis, 7, comma, 0, right parenthesis is our x-intercept because when y, equals, 0, we're on the x-axis.
To find the y-intercept, we need to "zoom in" on the table to find where x, equals, 0.
A table of values. The left column is labeled x, and the right column is labeled y. When x is negative one, y is negative twelve. When x is zero, y is negative ten point five. When x is one, y is negative nine. Between every x-value there is a plus one which highlights the change of the x-values. Between every y-value there is a plus one point five which highlights the change of the y-values.
The point left parenthesis, 0, comma, minus, 10, point, 5, right parenthesis is our y-intercept.

Example: Intercepts from an equation

We're asked to determine the intercepts of the graph described by the following linear equation:
3, x, plus, 2, y, equals, 5
To find the y-intercept, let's substitute start color #6495ed, x, end color #6495ed, equals, start color #6495ed, 0, end color #6495ed into the equation and solve for y:
\begin{aligned}3\cdot\blue{0}+2y&=5\\ 2y&=5\\ y&=\dfrac{5}{2}\end{aligned}
So the y-intercept is left parenthesis, 0, comma, start fraction, 5, divided by, 2, end fraction, right parenthesis.
To find the x-intercept, let's substitute start color #ff00af, y, end color #ff00af, equals, start color #ff00af, 0, end color #ff00af into the equation and solve for x:
\begin{aligned}3x+2\cdot\pink{0}&=5\\ 3x&=5\\ x&=\dfrac{5}{3}\end{aligned}
So the x-intercept is left parenthesis, start fraction, 5, divided by, 3, end fraction, comma, 0, right parenthesis.

Practice

Problem 1
Determine the intercepts of the line graphed below.
x-intercept:
left parenthesis
comma
right parenthesis
y-intercept:
left parenthesis
comma
right parenthesis
A coordinate plane. The x- and y-axes each scale by one. A graph of a line intersects the points negative seven, zero and zero, two.

Want more practice? Check out these exercises:

Want to join the conversation?

• help me solve this problem step by step 1/3x-2 find the x,y intercept
• there is no interception points because that isn't a linear equation
• im in 8th and its hard to keep all this stuff in your head
• I agree. I'm in eighth and confused.
• How do i find the y and x intercepts of an equation in standard form??
• You can always find the X-intercept by setting Y to 0 in the equation and solve for X.

Similarly, you can always find the Y-intercept by setting X to 0 in the equation and solve for Y.

Hope this helps.
• what is the x- intercept in the equation y=8/-1x-22
• To find x-intercept, take y=0
0 = 8/-1x-22
-x-22 = 8
-x = -8 + 22
-x = 14
x = -14
Therefore, x-intercept = (-14,0) [Assuming I got your question right]
• how do i put a fraction in
• How do i know what do add by ? i keep adding by the half of what we adding or subtracting and i still down get the answers correct .
• One way you could do it is to visualize the values on a line that has negative and positive graduations, then count how many times you're moving 1 graduation at a time.
For example: to go from -6 to -4, you need to move:
- from -6 to -5 (in the positive direction),
- then from -5 to -4 (in the positive direction),
So in total you moved 2 times in the positive direction so: +2
Hope this helps?
• x - (y + 11) = 3(x - 2y -1)

Help me solve this plss
• (assuming you want to find the intercepts)
X-intercept (plug in 0 for y)
x - (y + 11) = 3(x - 2y - 1)
x - (0 + 11) = 3(x - 2(0) - 1)
x - 11 = 3x - 3
x = 3x + 8
4x = 8
x = 2
Y-intercept (plug in 0 for x)
x - (y + 11) = 3(x - 2y - 1)
0 - (y + 11) = 3(0 - 2y - 1)
-y - 11 = -6y - 3
-y = -6y + 8
5y = 8
y = 8/5 or 1.6
(1 vote)
• I don't understand anything F