Fractions

# Adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators

## Example of subtracting fractions with unlike denominators

If you conquered adding fractions with different denominators, then subtracting fractions will be a snap. Don't worry...we'll take it slow and explain every step.
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## Example of subtracting fractions with unlike denominators

Discussion and questions for this video
How would I subtract a number with a larger numerator from a number with a smaller numerator if they have unlike denominators? I was at work and somehow the subject of doing this came up, and it's been bugging me. 8/9 - 11/7? Would I have to first make the improper fraction into a mixed number? If so, where would I go from there? The last time I had to do this kind of stuff was in 5th grade, and it didn't exactly stick with me.
You can just do the problem regulare because there is no changing the promblem but you still have to make a common dinominator
How do you multiply with different denominators?
The video will not start why?
or refresh the page :)
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can't you simiplify
well in the middle of the process no you can't. But when your done with subtracting and you can simplyfy it, then you can simplyfy
At 0:44 why does Sal use a dot instead of the multiplication sign? We aren't doing algebra , are we?
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When you get into algebra, and you use "x", it is confusing to use the multiplication symbol, so they turn it into a dot. Or sometimes we even leave it out!
1 1/2 - 5/8 =
It should be easy for a fifth grader cuz Im a fourth grader and it is pretty easy. Well, you know you cannot add fractions with diffferent denominators, so you change how the fraction looks. You are just breaking it down more, not changing the value(which is fine). Both fractions need to have the same denominator, and then add the number on top, or a numerator. Tell me if you still are confused cuz this is just a overview!
5/2 - 3/4 = ?
First, use common denominators. 5/2 is 10/4, and we change it.
Now, 10/4-3/4. Subtract the numerators and keep the denominators to get 7/4.
Hope this helps!
Is this helpful if you want to be a engineer?
madison.tippett, yes it will be helpful if you want to be an engineer.
How to subtract mixed numbers
You can just scroll down on your dashboard and add "adding and subtracting mixed numbers" there is also a video on it
Why do you have to make the denominators the same? Can't you just subtract the numerators and the denominators?
thats wat the video was basiclly talking about
do you have to multiply by 12?
yes you have to because if the denominators are not the same number it will be difficult to do the problem
Why do you have to make the denominaters the same
u have to do that in order to answer the question.If u dont find the LCD or the common denominator then ur answer would be wrong
is it a must to change improper fraction to a mix fraction?
I guess the answer depends on what you mean by must. Mathematically speaking, you do not need to, improper numbers are no different than the equivalent mixed fraction. Ex 5/2 = 2 1/2 For the purpose of working through problems, improper fractions usually make work easier. So for this reason you will often have answers expressed in improper fractions. Unless your teacher or Khan academy asks you to change it to a mixed fraction, there is no need to take this extra step (but it is still useful to know how sense in daily life we use mixed fractions to express quantities more frequently).
1 Comment
Pls suggest to subtract 7/10 from 11/12
do you do this method Sal to the addition,subtraction and,multiplication?
for subtraction and addition.. yes but in multiplication its a different story.U have to multiply the numerators instead and u have to change the denominators sometimes
That's a good method, but it takes too long, I mean you have to solve many problems in order to solve one, is there another way?
i dont rlly think there is another way to answer it
What if one of the numerators are equal to each and make zero what would happen then?
how do I get like a 100 on all my math teas then
Studying hard.
tis is REALLY confusing
no it isent. it is helpful
Can you use the up and down way while subtracting fractions? 9
Also can you do it an easier way? + 8
______
17
For your 1st question, yes, and the 2nd one..well in my opinion long way is easier.
So all you have to do is multiply then subtract? Would that be mathmatically correct or still wrong?
it would be mathematically correct
do we always have to do it that way?.
yes.this is the only way to do it!!
Is there an easier, less complicated way to do this?
Yes.
example: 1/2-1/4=?
Explanation: do this
2X2=4 1X2=2
Easier way: 2/4-1/4
Hope i Helped you
That's really complicated. Is there by any chance an easier/simpler way to do this?
At 2:44, where did he get 72 from?
He does it so visual learners can understand better
I really still don't get it...
http://www.mathsisfun.com/fractions_subtraction.html
It explains how to subtract unlike and like denominator fractions.
whats 9 plus 10
21. NO! 19. 21 if ur stopid and 19 if ur a nerd
are you the owner on KHAN!
The person talking in the video (which is Sal Khan) is the owner of Khan Academy
Can't you just check if the numerator is prime? that way you wouldn't have to divide 19 into 156.
Of course you can! But most people don't know prime numbers after 101 . . . and it's usually a factorable number anyway.
i was doing my homework and i got all of them doing that tecneek
it is kind of confusing for me
nevermind i get it now
at 0:43 why did he put the dots as multiplication signs if there is no algebra?
It doesn't have to be algebra when you are using dots as multiplication signs. You can sue a dot as the sign anywhere in a multiplication problem, its just that most people use an x as the multiplication sign before they reach algebra.
this is every thing I new I thot you were better.
how come when i was doing the question with him i got a repating dectimal
could you explain the whole prossess of this and vote on it
thank you and sorry for bad spelling
The way it compares cause it is all math and it is fractions just sith diffrend botton numbers
What if the numerator is lower than what you are subtracting by like 5/10 - 8/17? Please help!
Well, in this example you will need to find a common denominator. For simplicity we will use 170. So the problem you gave really comes out to 85/170 - 80/170. The answer becomes 5/170 or 1/34.
If you mean what happens when the fraction that you are subtracting by is lower than the other fraction, well, then you would have a negative answer.
yeah its confusing if u don't do one with an lcm
you probably dont know the answer
And what if a fraction has a numerator bigger than the denominator. For example. 6/2 - 7/4?
You would do that in pretty much the same way.
What if the number is improper?
If the fraction is improper you turn it into a mixed number
I still don't understand it.
Basically, you just need to make this problem that you don't know how to solve into one that you do know how to solve. You just need to make the denominators (the bottom numbers) the same.

EX: 1/2 - 2/4
STEP 1) We know that 2 is half of 4, so 2/4 is actually just 1/2.
STEP 2) 1/2 - 1/2 = 0

I hope this helps!
6 3/12 - 3 9/36
you have to make the denominators "like" before you can do anything else. you have to find the LCM (Lowest Common Multiple) which makes the denominators equal. hope this is of any help to you :)
How do you solve a fraction with one whole number and the other number another fraction Ex: 1 and 3/20- 9/10?
1 3/20 is same as 20/20 + 3/20 which makes 23/20, now substracting 9/10 can be by giving the same nominator, so 9/10 is same as 18/20, 23/20 - 18/20 = 5/20 = 1/4
If at an election 6/9 of the members voted and there are 171 members how many people actually voted? Not sure how to work this problem.
I don't get it can someone explain it?
Shure be glad too say we need to subtract 1/2 -1/4 first we need to get them to the same denominator by multiplying the numerator and the denominator by 2 to get 2/4-1/4 which is now a very simple fraction problem.
Hope this helped.
and good luck.
How do you earn a testla badge
well for thelove off pizza, of course you need to get the lowest common denominator, it says it in the title
*of*

Yeah, he's *explaining* it to others.
How do you add and subtract positive and negative fractions with different denominators
thank you so much
why is it that big of a number, when ur just subtracting those little number... it's like your adding instead of subtracting!
don't know bro
I don't understand this at all can some one please explain this to me?
Hello Hannah, if you find yourself frustrated or confused by a topic or what Sal says in the video, you may try either:

1) rewatching the video, pausing and repeating confusing parts
2) reading through the questions and answers in here (some might contain the little bit you're missing)

Good luck!
How do you figure out 4 cups of flour and you need to use 1 3/4 cups for a recipe. How much do you have left?
We can make that problem easier by estimating a bit to get the whole number portion of the question out of the way. We know you are using 1 whole cup and part of another, so lets round up to 2 cups being used and subtract them from the initial 4 cups, which means that we know for sure there are at least 2 whole cups remaining.

After taking those off the question is now how much is left of the remaining 2 cups if we take 1 3/4 cup away. We can subtract out that whole cup used from both values leaving us with 1 cup - 3/4 cup which is a much easier problem to figure out.

We then take the answer to that and add it back in with the other 2 whole cups we had already determined would be left over.
Can you talk a little bit more happy
i still do not get it like 9/12-3/24
Make sure the denominators are equal. What times 12 equals 24?
Is there any simpler way to do this?
is there a easier way to multiply the denominator?
i don't think so
😲what happens if the denominator?do you need to add/subtract both of the denominator?😵
the denominator is something you do not change you only do the top number?
yep. the denominator and the other ones too
it is depend all on multiplication ,division,subtraction and addition
What if the numerator for the first fraction has a greater number than the second fraction? 21>5
Saying 21 is the first fraction over whatever it could be, and it's subtracting.
Do you always have to times the denominator by the other denominator to get a common denominator?
Well, sometimes you don't have to. For example, if you have
5/12 + 1/6, you don't need to multiply 12 and 6. You just need to find a number that they both go into. If you did multiply them together, you'd follow the steps below:
5/12 + 1/6
5*6/12*6 + 1*12/6*12 = 30/72 + 12/72
30+12=42, so 42/72
Simplified = 7/12
If you wanted to, you could also have used 60, because both 12 and 6 can go into 60. (12 times 5, and 6 times 10). Then you'd do the steps below:
5/12 + 1/6
5*5/12*5 + 1*10/6*10 = 25/60 + 10/60
25+10=35, so 35/60
Simplified = 7/12
Either way works! Usually it easiest to just multiply, but if you're dealing with big numbers it could get messy and then you should find the lowest number possible that they both fit in to make it more simple. Hope this helps!
If i find the common numerator and do it, do I get the same answer?
No, you do not get the same answer.
thank you now I understand!
is there any shorter ways to find the common denominator
Try watching the video more carefully.
what if you want to subtract a number like 1/4-1/3 where they have a LCM but the first number is smaller than the second number is it just a negative, thx
What if the denominators are already the same?
Then you are lucky and don't have to find a common denominator!
How? im confused
first we should multiply the numerator of first fraction to the denominator of second fraction.then multiply second fraction's numerator to the first fraction's denominator.then multiply both fractions denominator.
for example :- 2/5 - 6/3 = 6/15 -30/15 = -24/15
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I still don't know whats going on
why do we make the steps that we make
its not that complicated
at 1:00 he says that the denominator is 12x13. How/why?
I liked this video but on I was wondering if you could show me subtracting fractions with different denominators vertically
how do you subtract a fraction like this 3 5/6 - 1 6/7 ?
Change 16/7 to a mixed number which is 2 2/7, then find an equal denominator and finally subtract.
Why do we need to do to numerator that you did in the denominator? ( multiplication)
Isn't there a easier way of doing this? Because I thought all we have to do is find the least common denominator then multiply that with the numerator, finally we add them and then we have the answer. I s that not correct?
why do you figure out the number relating to both 13 and 12 in multiplication
Ok, basically in order to subtract the fractions they have to have identical denominators. In order to do that he is multiplying the numerator and denominator of one fraction by the denominator of the other. You can keep a fraction as having the same value as long as it is multiplied by 1. Any number divided by itself is 1, so 12/12 = 1 and 13/13 is 1. He doesn't simplify it into that of course just so he can actually perform the subtraction

7 6
-- - --
12 13
Multiply both of the fractions by 1
7 1 6 1
-- X - - -- X -
12 1 13 1
I'm just going to do each one individually for the moment
7 7 1 7 13 7 X 13 91
-- = -- X - = -- X -- = ------- = ---, I did the 13/13 as that's the denominator of the other fraction
12 12 1 12 13 12 X 13 156

6 6 1 6 12 6 X 12 72
-- = -- X - = -- X -- = ------- = ---, I did the 13/13 as that's the denominator of the other fraction
13 13 1 13 12 13 X 12 156

Going back to the problem
7 6 7 X 13 6 X 12 91 72 91 - 72 19
-- - -- = ------- - ------- = --- - --- = ------- = ---
12 13 12 X 13 13 X 12 156 156 156 156

Wouldn't it just be easier to do to find the LCD first??
How did you get the 13
Just a question, if the answer is like 44/28 what do you do?
If the answer is 44/28 you will need to think, how many times does 44 go into 28? the answer is 1 remainder 16 so now you have two fractions, 28/28 and 16/28. now we can change 28/28 into 1, making the number 1&16/28
Is it that odd and even numbers don't share a common denominator? Or I am wrong
Some do share a common denominator for instance 2&5 do share a common denominator 10 sorry again 4 the confusion.
I don't really get how to simplify a fraction how do you do it?
find the lowest common factor
why did people make khan acedemy
Are you trolling/joking? To help people learn...
I still don't get it. How do you do it? We are learning about it at school! Help!
i don't get it
if one or two of the denominators are odd do you just multiply the two?
3x(x-2y)+2y(x+1)=
This video helped me a lot thanks
I did the problem the way u told me but It told me it was wrong how is the possible?
T-Johnson-19 that won't work
Is their a simpler way to do this?
unfortunately no. The only way to do this is find the common denominator. Then you have to multiple the numerator and then you can subtract:
3/4 - 1/2
x 1 x 2 = common denominator of 4. must also multiple numerator by same number (x1, x2)
3/4 - 2/4 = 1/4
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i don't like how the example started with a denominator that does not have a LCF
help please im confuse here. -8/7+ 2/4... an this problem the first thing is to simplify the fraction..
which 2/4 turn into 1/2..you occur? then -8/7+1/2= 9/14 do you occur