Arithmetic (all content)
- Intro to remainders
- Understanding remainders
- Divide with remainders (2-digit by 1-digit)
- Interpreting remainders
- Long division with remainders: 3771÷8
- Long division with remainders: 2292÷4
- Divide multi-digit numbers by 6, 7, 8, and 9 (remainders)
- Multi-digit division
To divide 3,771 by 8 using long division, start by dividing the first two digits, 37, by 8. This results in a quotient of 4. Next, bring down the next digit, 7, and divide 57 by 8, which goes 7 times. Finally, bring down the last digit, 1, and divide 11 by 8. This yields a quotient of 1 and a remainder of 3. Created by Sal Khan.
Let's divide 3,771 by 8. So we're going to do a little bit of long division is the way we set it up. So the first thing we want to do and think about is, well, does 8 go into 3? Well, no, 8 does not go into 3. So we'll keep moving. Does 8 go into 37? Sure. 8 times 4 is 37. 8 times 5 is 40. So that's too big. So 8 goes into 37 four times. 4 times 8 is 32. And we subtract, and we get 37 minus 32 is 5. And just so you have a little glimpse of what's actually going on here, we're really saying how many times does 8 go into 3,700? And we're saying that 8 goes into 3,700 400 times. There's 4 sitting in the hundreds place, and that 400 times 8 is 3,200. And then when you subtract 3,200 from 3,700, you're getting 500. But we'll revert back to just the traditional long division mechanics. But that's what's really going on here. When we say 8 goes into 37 four times, we're really saying 8 goes into 3,700 400 times. But let's keep going. So now, we have this 5 to deal with, which is, as we already talked about, it's in the hundreds place. It's really a 500. But now, let's bring down another place value. So let's bring down the 7. And let's think about how many times does 8 go into 57. And we're really thinking about how much 8 goes into 570. But 8 goes into 57-- let's see, 8 times 5 is 40. 8 times 6 is 48. 8 times 7 is 54. So let's go 7 times. 7 times 8. Oh, actually, I did that right. 8 times 7-- my multiplication tables are weak. It is 8 times-- so it does go in seven times. But 7 times 8 isn't 54; it's 56. I always have trouble with that one. It is 56. And so now, we subtract again. And 57 minus 56 is 1. And now we have one more place value to bring down. We have-- let me do it in in a color I haven't used yet. I'll do blue. We have a 1 to bring down. And now we're literally saying, how many times does 8 go into 11? Well, 8 goes into 11 one time. 1 times 8 is 8. And we are left with-- because we have no more places to bring down-- 11 minus 8 is 3. So 8 goes into 3,771 471 times, and the remainder here is 3.