Significance tests (hypothesis testing)

About this unit

If a basketball player says they make 75% of the shots they take, but they only make 65% of shots in a sample, does that mean they're lying? Significance tests give us a formal process for using sample data to evaluate how plausible a claim about a population value is. We calculate P-values to see how likely sample results are to occur by random chance, and we use P-values to make conclusions about hypotheses.