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Significance tests (hypothesis testing)

AP Stats: DAT (BI), DAT‑3 (EU), UNC (BI), UNC‑5 (EU), VAR (BI), VAR‑6 (EU)
AP Stats: UNC (BI), UNC‑5 (EU), UNC‑5.A (LO), UNC‑5.A.1 (EK), UNC‑5.A.2 (EK), UNC‑5.B (LO), UNC‑5.B.1 (EK), UNC‑5.B.2 (EK), UNC‑5.B.3 (EK), UNC‑5.C (LO), UNC‑5.C.1 (EK), UNC‑5.D (LO), UNC‑5.D.1 (EK), UNC‑5.D.2 (EK)
AP Stats: DAT (BI), DAT‑3 (EU), DAT‑3.A (LO), DAT‑3.A.1 (EK), DAT‑3.A.2 (EK), DAT‑3.B (LO), DAT‑3.B.1 (EK), DAT‑3.B.2 (EK), DAT‑3.B.3 (EK), DAT‑3.B.4 (EK), DAT‑3.B.5 (EK), DAT‑3.B.8 (EK), DAT‑3.B.9 (EK), VAR (BI), VAR‑6 (EU), VAR‑6.D (LO), VAR‑6.D.1 (EK), VAR‑6.D.2 (EK), VAR‑6.D.3 (EK), VAR‑6.D.4 (EK), VAR‑6.D.5 (EK), VAR‑6.E (LO), VAR‑6.E.1 (EK), VAR‑6.F (LO), VAR‑6.F.1 (EK), VAR‑6.G (LO), VAR‑6.G.1 (EK), VAR‑6.G.2 (EK), VAR‑6.G.3 (EK), VAR‑6.G.4 (EK)

About this unit

If a basketball player says they make 75% of the shots they take, but they only make 65% of shots in a sample, does that mean they're lying? Significance tests give us a formal process for using sample data to evaluate how plausible a claim about a population value is. We calculate P-values to see how likely sample results are to occur by random chance, and we use P-values to make conclusions about hypotheses.