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# Classifying shapes of distributions

AP.STATS:
UNC‑1 (EU)
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UNC‑1.H (LO)
,
UNC‑1.H.3 (EK)
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UNC‑1.H.4 (EK)

## Video transcript

what we have here are six different distributions and we're going to do with this video is think about how to classify them or use the words people typically use to classify distributions so let's first look at this distribution right over here that's the distribution of the lengths of houseflies so someone went out there and measured a bunch of house flies and then said hey look there's many house flies that are between six tenths of a centimeter and six-and-a-half tenths of a centimetre it looks like there's about 40 house flies there and then if you say between 6 and 1/2 and 7 tenths there's about 30 house flies and if you were to say between 5 and 1/2 tenths and 6 tenths it looks like it's about the same amount this type of distribution is usually described as being symmetric why is it called that because if you were to draw a line down the middle of this distribution both sides look like mirror images of each other this one looks pretty exactly symmetric but more typically when you're collecting data you'll see roughly symmetric distributions now here we have a distribution that gives us the dates on pennies so someone went out there observed a bunch of pennies looked at the dates on them they saw many pennies looks like a little bit more than 55 pennies had a date between 2010 and 2020 while very few pennies had a date older than 1980 on them and this type of distribution when you have a tail to the left you can see it right over here you have a long tail to the left this is known as a left skewed distribution left skewed now in future videos we'll come up with more technical definitions of what makes it left skewed but the way that you can recognize it is you have the high points of your distribution on the right but then you have this long tail that skews it to the left now the other side of a left skewed you might say well that would be a right skewed distribution and that's exactly what we see right over here this is a distribution of state representatives and as you can see most of the states in the United States have between 0 and 10 or representatives it looks like it's a little over 35 none of them actually have 0 they all have at least one representative but they would fall into this buck well very few have more than 50 representatives so here where the bulk of our distribution is to the left but we have this tail that skews us to the right this is known as a right skewed distribution now if we look at this next distribution what would this be pause this video and think about it well this could be a distribution of maybe someone went around the office and surveyed how many cups of coffee each person drank and if they found someone who drank one cup of coffee per day maybe this would be them and they found another person who drinks one cup of coffee that's them then they found three people who drank two cups of coffee well this is a very similar situation to what we saw at on the dates on Penny's a large amount of our data fell into this right bucket of three cups of coffee but then we had this tail to the left so this would be left skewed now these right two distributions are interesting one could argue that this distribution here which is telling us the number of days that we had different high temperatures that this is looks roughly symmetric or it actually even looks exactly symmetric because if you did that little exercise of drawing a dotted line down the middle it looks like the two sides are mirror images of each other now that would not be technically incorrect but typically when you see these two peaks this would typically be called a bimodal distribution so even though bimodal distributions can sometimes be symmetric or roughly symmetric you want to be more precise in here when you have these two peaks that's where the buy comes from you would call it bimodal and this makes sense because you have a lot of days that are warm that might happen during the summer and you might have a lot of days that are cold that are happening during the winter now this last distribution here the results from die rolls one could argue as well that this is roughly symmetric it's not exact it's not perfectly symmetric but when you look at this dotted line here on the left and the right sides it looks roughly symmetric but a more exact classification here would be that it looks approximately uniform so rather than calling it a symmetric distribution or a roughly symmetric distribution most people would classify this as an approximately uniform distribution
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