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### Course: Algebra 2 > Unit 10

Lesson 2: Square-root equations- Intro to square-root equations & extraneous solutions
- Square-root equations intro
- Intro to solving square-root equations
- Square-root equations intro
- Solving square-root equations
- Solving square-root equations: one solution
- Solving square-root equations: two solutions
- Solving square-root equations: no solution
- Square-root equations

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# Intro to solving square-root equations

Practice some problems before going into the exercise.

## Introduction

In this article, we will practice the ways we can solve equations with square-roots in them.

### Practice question 1

### Practice question 2

### Practice question 3

## Want to join the conversation?

- wow! i still dont get it(122 votes)
- Keep trying! You will get it if you believe in yourself!(11 votes)

- When I solve a square-root equation, what is it exactly what I'm finding? In what situations would I use the number that I found? (excuse my broken english)(28 votes)
- You are finding the possible solutions of x. The use of the number you found will make the equation on both sides equal if you plugged in x on both sides.(12 votes)

- So, do all quadratic equations have extraneous solutions? Help pleaseeee. Does it also mean that we should always check the solutions whenever we solve for quadratics?(11 votes)
- Extraneous solutions are often introduced whenever you square both sides of an equation. After all, you're turning something that was NOT a quadratic into a quadratic. If you start out with a quadratic, you will not get extraneous solutions.

Another situation where extraneous solutions are possible is when you're dealing with rational expressions. After cancelling denominators and simplifying down to a quadratic, you'll sometimes introduce solutions which result in a 0 in a denominator when they're plugged back in. All you have to check for in this situation is division by 0.(18 votes)

- i do not get it but its ok(7 votes)
- It's been 2 months since you wrote this, so you might've gotten an answer by now, but I'll answer just in case :).

As I understand it, when a square root is presented, it is asking for the positive square root only, unless a - or +/- sign is written to the left of the square root. However, when we solve these square-root equations, we have no way of making sure we get the solution for x that satisfies only the positive square root.

You could also say these extraneous solutions do not make sense when you substitute them in. For example, try setting the domain of the equations before solving them.

Let's take the example of practice question 3:

sqrt(5x - 4) = x - 2

Here we are saying the positive/principal square root of (5x - 4) is equal to (x - 2). That means (x - 2) has to be a positive number, which means the domain of our equation will be that x has to be greater than or equal to 2 (to ensure we get a positive number).

One of the solutions you get when you solve practice question 3 is that x = 1. However, if x is 1 then (x - 2) will give a negative number which does not make sense for the solution and falls out of our domain (that x has to be greater than or equal to 2).

Sorry for the long answer, and if you still don't get it, that's okay, I find it quite hard to explain maths in a block of text, so it's probably my lacking explanation in that case.

Best of luck with maths and everything else.(21 votes)

- My question is "How can you do the problem without making one mistake in this long process of answer-finding?"(8 votes)
- Why does squaring work on both sides of an equation? You're multiplying each side by a different amount!

Please clear this up for me.(6 votes)- No, you aren't multiplying a different amount.

Remember, the equations says that the both sides are equal to start with.

If you square both sides, the sides are still equal.

For example, start with: sqrt(9) = 3

These sides are currently equal, just in a different form. Now, square both sides.

[sqrt(9)]^2= 3^2

You will get 9 = 9. They are still equal.

Hope this helps.(14 votes)

- what if you get a desimal do you do the abc formula(1 vote)
- Yes a decimal is just a number and can be treated a such though it may be harder(Hey if u could upvote this so i get a badge that would be great thx)(14 votes)

- i dont really understand extraneous answers... for example, in one of the problems from the video, he said 2.25 was extraneous because the square root of 2.25 = 1.5, not -1.5? but -1.5 squared = 2.25?(1 vote)
- You have forgotten that square roots have a principal root and a negative root. The default is to always use the principal root (which is the positive root). If a problem wants you to use the negative root, there will be a "-" in front of the radical.

sqrt(2.25) = 1.5 because it is asking for the principal root

-sqrt(2.25) = -1.5 because it is asking for the negative root

Hope this helps.(11 votes)

- Why does

sqrt(x-2)^2=sqrt(1) equal x-2 = +/-1 and not +/-(x-2) = +/-1 ?(3 votes)- Because some of the options create the same solution
`+(x-2) = +1`

is identical to`-(x-2) = -1`

`-(x-2) = +1`

is identical to`+(x-2) = -1`

For the equation versions that match, multiply one by -1 and you get the other.

Thus, there is no need to do 4 different sign combinations.

Hope this makes sense.(4 votes)

- I did not get anything! who knows where I can find radical equations for beginners(4 votes)
- This is the intro video. Try this site as an alternative and see if it helps: http://www.purplemath.com/modules/solverad.htm(1 vote)