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# Recognizing functions from verbal description word problem

Video transcript

Jada is ordering Mother's
Day gifts online. The shipping costs are based on
the dollar amount of the order. For orders less than
$20, shipping costs $4. For orders $20 or
more, shipping is $7. Can the dollar
amount of the order be represented as a
function of shipping costs? So they're saying,
can the dollar amount of the order-- so can
the amount of order be represented as a
function of shipping-- let me do that in
that blue color costs. So if we have the shipping
costs as an input, will that map to exactly--
for a given input, will we get exactly one output
for the amount of order? In order for this to be
represented as a function, we have to input a shipping
cost, a shipping cost where this relationship
is defined. We need to input
a shipping cost, put it into our relationship,
and get exactly one dollar amount of the order in order
for this to be a function. If we get multiple dollar
amounts of the order, then the relationship, well,
it's still a relationship, but it's not going
to be a function. So let's think about it. What are the
possible inputs here? Well, there's only two
possible shipping costs. Shipping costs are
either going to be $4, or they're going to be $7. So let's think
about what happens when we input $4 in
as a shipping cost. So if we input $4
into our relationship, so we input $4 into our
little potential function box, so $4 into it,
what is the output? What is going to be the
amount of the order? Well, if the shipping cost is
$4, the amount of the order just has to be
anything less than $20. So it could have been $1. It could have been $1.50. It could've been $7. It literally can take
on any value up to $20. So it could even be $19.99. We could do a similar
thing if we input 7 into this relationship. If 7 was-- and I could put
literally an infinite number of numbers. It could be a million dollars. So if I input 7 into
this relationship that we're trying to test
whether it's a function, if 7 is the shipping costs,
then the order we just know is over $20, $20 or more. So it could be $20. It could be $800. It could be $1 million. There's actually an
infinite number of values that it could take
on right over here. So because for a
valid shipping cost, for each of these
valid shipping costs, I can get many, many,
many potential outputs, I don't know which output it
necessarily will output to. If someone tells you
the shipping costs and you don't necessarily
know what the order size was, this is not a function. You cannot represent the
amount of order as a function of the shipping cost. So, no.