If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:3:03

Video transcript

solve and eliminate any extraneous solutions and what they mean by extraneous solutions are in the course of solving this this rational equation right here we might get some solutions that if we actually put it into the original into the original problem would give us undefined expressions and so those solutions are extraneous solutions they actually don't apply you actually want to throw them out and so let's look at this equation we have x squared over X plus 2 is equal to 4 over X plus 2 so right out of the right from the get-go we don't know if this is going to necessarily be a solution to this equation but we know just looking at this that if X is equal to negative 2 then this denominator and this denominator are going to be 0 and you're dividing by 0 it would be undefined so we can write from the get-go exclude X is equal to negative 2 so X cannot be equal to negative 2 that would make either of these expressions undefined on either side of the equation so with that out of the way let's try to solve it so as a first step we want to get the X plus 2 out of the denominator so let's multiply both sides by X plus 2 X plus 2 X plus 2 divided by X plus 2 is just 1 and we can assume that that there X plus 2 isn't 0 so it's going to be defined X plus 2 divided by X plus 2 is just 1 and so our equation has simplified to x squared x squared is equal to 4 and you could probably do this in your head but I want to do it properly so you can write this you could subtract 4 from both sides do it in kind of the proper quadratic equation form so x squared minus 4 is equal to 0 I just subtracted 4 from both sides over here and so you can factor this this is a difference of squares you get X plus 2 times X minus 2 is equal to 0 and then if this is equal to 0 if the product of two things are equal to 0 that means either one or both of them are equal to 0 so this tells us that X plus 2 is equal to 0 or X minus 2 is equal to 0 if you subtract 2 from both sides of this equation right here you get X is equal to negative 2 if you add 2 to both sides of this equation right over here you get X is equal to 2 and we're saying that the either of these would make this last expression 0 now we know that we need to exclude one of them we know that X cannot be equal to negative 2 so x equals negative 2 is an extraneous solution extraneous solution it's not really a solution for it is a solution for this once we got rid of the rational expressions but it's not a solution for this original problem up here because it would make the expressions undefined it would cause you to divide by zero so the only solution here is X is equal to 2 and you can check it yourself you'd do 2 squared you get 4 over 2 plus 2 is 4 and that should be equal to 4 over 2 plus 2 over 4 which it definitely does 1 is equal to 1