Indus River Valley civilizations
- The Indus River Valley Civilization, 3300-1300 BCE, also known as the Harappan Civilization, extended from modern-day northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India.
- Important innovations of this civilization include standardized weights and measures, seal carving, and metallurgy with copper, bronze, lead, and tin.
- Little is understood about the Indus script, and as a result, little is known about the Indus River Valley Civilization’s institutions and systems of governance.
- The civilization likely ended due to climate change and migration.
Geography and time-frame
Urban infrastructure and architecture
Innovation and exchange
Religion, language, and culture
Institutions and hierarchies
What do you think?
- Why was it important that the Harappans developed standardized weights and measures?
- Do you think there is enough evidence to support the idea that Harappans were peaceful and enjoyed social equality?
- How did the Indus Valley Civilization interact with the river networks in the region? Were there any detrimental effects of the location in such a dense river network?
- What do you think is the most plausible explanation for the decline of this civilization?