Medieval Muslim societies
- People living in medieval Muslim society had different levels of power, depending on their religious beliefs, ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status.
- Non-Muslim groups comprised a protected class called dhimmis who had to pay a special tax for protection called the jizya.
- During the first century of Muslim rule, Arab Muslims were favored over non-Arab Muslims, who were called mawali.
- Women’s lives varied greatly, depending largely on socioeconomic status and political context.
- Political and economic organization was different in urban areas and villages, where tribal states were more common.