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Current time:0:00Total duration:8:05

Video transcript

world war one shaped our world in many many many ways and it's important to realize it wasn't that long ago it was not even 100 years ago but it was really the end of the more traditional empires it was the end of kingdoms it really reshaped much of the globes muster much more around states defined by nations rather than states defined by monarchies or states defined by empires and it was also the first war where technology or i would say modern technology technology has always been a played a major role in wars in fact wars have been a catalyst for technology often but it was the first time that much of what we considered to be modern technology played a huge role in in the actual carrying out of the war and to a large degree this is what made the war so much bloodier and one could argue even more protracted so here i have a bunch of pictures of the various technologies used in world war one here in this picture you have you have a machine gun you have a machine gun which allow obviously allows you to kind of indiscriminately mow down folks these guys are looks like they might be in some type of a trench and so you can imagine that combination if viewed from above so let's say that this is a trench this is a trench right over here we're looking from above so there's some people sitting in the trench a couple of these folks have machine guns the rest of the guys just have rifles over here if you wanted to storm this trench you'd be in a bad situation the guy with the machine gun essentially could just mow people down could just mow people down they also tended to use barbed wire barbed wire wasn't invented in world war one it was invented many decades before in the 1800s but that would make it very hard for someone to cross this period or they would get stuck in it and at which point these guys in the trench could shoot them down it would be very hard to shoot the guys in the trench so it also other than making it very deadly it gave all the advantages to the defense so anytime someone wanted to gain ground especially in one of the fronts where trench warfare was being used it was a hugely hugely hugely bloody affair the other technology that became into mainstream use in world war one was the use of gas and in particular poison gas poison poison gas poison gas and as you see these gentlemen right over here they're wearing gas masks because they're afraid that their opponent is going to use poison gas and the benefit of of gas in particular is let's say you have an artillery shell that you throw over and it doesn't hit anybody but then it starts releasing it starts releasing a canister let me do that in a different in a different color it starts releasing a canister of gas so the gas i've drawn in this purplish color and so it'll affect it doesn't have to be a direct hit it can just linger there and infect that trench and affect everyone there and gas warfare was actually the germans weren't the first to use just just gas warfare but they were the first to use very lethal what we would call poison gas in particular in 1915 they use chlorine gas so let me write that down chlorine chlorine gas which immediately attacks the respiratory system of the person who inhales it and they essentially choke to death within seconds or minutes they also used phosgene gas because this actually did not in this did not allow the kind of did not stimulate that choking that choking reflex in some ways it could kind of infiltrate the respiratory system even more it had a delayed effect so it would kind of linger around and you have the use of mustard gas mustard gas was very hard to protect again against it wouldn't kind of immediately have you choked to death like chlorine gas it would be severe blistering it would essentially take you take you out of the battle it was very hard to protect against and would also linger around in the trench so it made the trench a very kind of like tox toxic environment to work in so these are very very very ugly weapons i mean it's war itself is ugly weapons themselves are ugly i mean the machine gun is not a it's not a pleasant weapon it's it can it can mow people down but but even folks who view something like a machine gun is an acceptable thing tend to view these things as particularly particularly ugly things ugly things to use other weapons that showed up in world war one we talked about this in other videos but the tank started to become a factor this right over here is an american tank obviously you know with these kind of these these treads it can it can go in tough terrain it's heavily heavily armored uh it could it could kind of you know when you talk about this trench type of thing well if you got a big hulking beast maybe that could roll through the barbed wire and and take some beating and maybe eventually so you could imagine a a tank over here it could eventually and actually the tanks at this time did not have these kind of these big turrets so they might have looked something more like that but this might be able to actually be part of an offensive against a trench like this we've talked extensively about submarine warfare in world war one the germans especially used it essentially to get to have a chance against the the dominant british against the domination the dominant british navy uh you unrestricted u-boat warfare was one of the primary reasons given by the americans as to why they entered the war on the inside on the side of the antand these are kind of world war one era us submarines just to give an idea of how they actually looked and probably the in some ways the the the best foreshadowing of what would play a major major major role in world in future wars it was the was the bringing of heavier than aircraft into the war so in particular we're talking about airplanes so before this you had stuff like balloons and zeppelins used for reconnaissance used to see where we should aim the artillery things like that but now you had the right blood brothers only frankly several years before inventing the you know the the engine powered heavier than aircraft and at first the airplane in the beginning stages of war was used for reconnaissance but as the technology improved as the engines improved it started to be used for for bombing started to actually be used for air-to-air combat and out of all the folks involved in air-to-air combat this gentleman this gentleman right over here is probably the most famous although you might not recognize his name his he's been kind of charac turned into a bit of a caricature in in in the modern world but this is manfred von richthoven and he was a a pilot for the germans and he's more famously known as the red baron the red baron and he was called the red baron because he was actually a baron it is a title of nobility in imperial germany and he painted his plain red so this is a picture of his plane right over here so if i were to color it in i guess this isn't quite red i should actually probably try to get a more reddish color so maybe this is more of a red so the color this is obviously a black and white photograph but maybe if i color it in for you you'll get more of the feeling of what his plane might have looked like it was a tri plane it had these three wings right over here so three levels of wings so whatever his plane was red that's why he was called the red baron and he was famous for being the most the most lethal pilot in all of the war he's he has 80 confirmed kills he was able to down 80 enemy aircraft so 80 80 confirmed wins i guess you can say in in in in combat which is more than any other folks in world war one so very very famous pilot he himself when you're talking about any of the combatants in world war one did not have a long life expectancy the pilots especially this was a dangerous game and he and he also despite being the top pilot the top ace in in amongst all the pilots in world war one he also ended up getting shot in the air in 1918 he literally got shot through the lungs and the hearts he somehow managed to land his plane and when the people ran up to him the accounts say that his famous last words as he died right when they ran up to him was kaput interesting and on top of that he's now been kind of turned to a bit of a caricature i mean us in the west in the u.s we recognize the brand red baron red baron pizza it is named for the red baron for manfred von richtoven kind of a strange name i think for for a pizza company i mean he's not even italian but but that's i guess what we know him for but you see this guy right over here looks a lot more like tom selleck than he does then look like the real manfred von richtoven