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Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:5:51
KC‑7.3.III.D (KC)
Unit 7: Learning Objective M
WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

so we're now entering into 1942 and just a reminder it's been a little over two years since the beginning of World War two in Europe when the Nazis invaded Poland and even before that as early as 1937 you've had all-out war between the Chinese and the Japanese and even before that you've had varying conflicts since the since the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931 so Asia has been in conflict for some time but as we go into 1942 the United States has just entered into World War two you might remember December 1941 Japan goes on a major offensive tries to knock out the US Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor attacks Wake Island attacks Guam attacks Hong Kong the Philippines Singapore Malaya then shortly thereafter goes after other possessions Burma goes after the the Dutch East Indies in its quest for natural resources and so you can imagine as we go into 1942 the Americans are eager to retaliate and in these videos these are overview videos I'm not going to be able to talk about every action and every battle that happens and I'm just trying to give you kind of the highlights but the first notable action in 1942 are the Doolittle raid or is the Doolittle raid do little raid named after Colonel Doolittle who who engineers who's the architect of this raid and the idea is not so much as a strategic victory but more of a psychological one if the US could somehow attack the mainland of Japan bomb the mainland of Japan would be huge it would be a more huge morale booster for the Americans and it might cause the Japanese people to question the their own leadership and so the idea is send out a carrier within bomb or range roughly a thousand miles off the coast of Japan and I try to do some research on where they went but I wasn't able to find so but roughly a thousand miles off the coast of Japan and then send 16 b-25 bombers to bomb the mainland so 16 bombers to bomb the mainland and they are actually able to do this 15 of the Bombers since they can't land back on to the carrier they're too heavy and too large to do that they land 15 of them in China and then one of them has to be gets diverted to Russia or the Soviet Union and out of the 80 crewmen all of the all of the the the planes get lost but out of the 80 crewmen three are killed in action eight are captured and three are killed in captivity by the Japanese but for the most part a hugely successful operation only months after Pearl Harbor the u.s. is able to attack the Japanese mainland so one once again more of a psychological victory than a strategic one but a major psychological I guess you could say accomplishment from the Allied point of view and so then you can fast-forward so this was in April then you can fast-forward to May where you have the first major naval engagement between the Japanese and the American Navy and that happens at the Battle of Coral Sea or the Battle of the Coral Sea coral Coral Sea which occurs roughly roughly around roughly over there and this is significant because the battle itself it actually the the the u.s. loses more than the Japanese do but it is able to [ __ ] the Japanese Navy enough so that as they go into their next major offensive they don't have quite the firepower that they need and that next major offensive happens in June happens in June at Midway at Midway let me make sure you can read this I know it's hard I don't want to write on top of Coral Sea so this is in June you have the Battle of Midway the Battle of Midway and at the Battle of Midway this is a Japanese offensive their goal is to further knock out the United States but it ends up going the other way and this is considered a big big big deal this is the first Japanese naval loss since the Battle of Shimonoseki straits in 1863 so you have a u.s. victory here u.s. victory here a lot of historians even consider this one of the most significant naval battles of all times but you have a u.s. victory here and once again this is only this is only six or seven months seven months since Pearl Harbor so you have Coral Sea which is able to [ __ ] the Japanese Navy maybe cripples a strong word but it's able to kind of pare them down a little bit then you have Midway which is a major u.s. victory and then that takes us to August August where you have the Battle of Guadalcanal so you have the Battle of Guadalcanal where the US there are several islands over here the US our time you take it the Japanese want to retake it but between kind of the on the ground forces and the naval forces the u.s. is able to defeat the Japanese and keep them from taking Guadalcanal and this is a big deal because between Midway and Guadalcanal and 1942 this is kind of the turning point after this point in a Midway the Japanese went on the offensive here the Japanese tried to get the the u.s. out of Guadalcanal in August but in both of those the US are able to to defeat the Japanese at Midway they're able to kind of fend them off at Guadalcanal and so this is the turning point where the u.s. is able to now go on the offensive so 1942 is a very very big deal it's only months after Pearl Harbor months after the u.s. enters the war but it's able to start turning the tide and start to go on the offensive against the Japanese in the Pacific and what we'll see in the next video is 1942 also marks the turning of the tide in Europe