If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Main content
Current time:0:00Total duration:6:25
KC‑7.3.III.D (KC)
Unit 7: Learning Objective M
WOR (Theme)

Video transcript

we're now in 1944 and things are really starting to close in on the Axis powers now we can start in January you might remember you've had the siege of leningrad going on for several years now incredibly bloody siege incredibly hard on the civilians of leningrad but the soviet army is finally able to end that and so you see from these troop movements on this map starting in January of 1944 with the end of the siege they're able to really take the offensive and start marching through the Baltics through the Baltic States at the same time you have the Soviet armies marching and they're able to they're able to force the axis to surrender in the Crimea you fast forward further into the year further into 1944 you might remember in 1943 the Allies were able to land on Italy and force the surrender of Italy to the Allied powers but that doesn't mean that Italy as we know it today or even as we know it then was free of the German troops or from from the axis troops and so the Allies are continuing to slog through slog through Italy and in particular Rome Rome did not get liberated in 1943 the Allies had to continue bombing Rome and it doesn't get liberated until June of 1944 so Rome is liberated so liberated in the summer of 1944 that happens June 5th the next day and this is probably one of the most famous events in world war two especially from an American point of view something that's documented in many films is June 6th d-day 1944 you have the invasion of Normandy the amphibious invasion of Normandy probably most famously depicted in the opening scenes of Saving Private Ryan where you have British primarily British and American troops they're able to storm the beaches of Normandy successfully which allows them which allows them to start making progress in northern France towards Germany now also in the summer of 1944 rockets start to get involved in a serious way in World War two the Germans are trying to send they're v1 rockets over to Great Britain and the v1 rockets this is just significant from the history of Technology obviously today Rockets play a big deal if we were ever in a whole bunch of context and this was the first time that they were deployed in a major way during a war the first v1 rockets they weren't all that impressive they traveled three or four hundred miles per hour slower than modern jet liners they didn't travel at that high of an altitude but as we'll see or as we'll see even in this video within a few months by by by September they were sending in v2 rockets which were far more advanced going several thousand miles per hour getting to altitudes of tens of miles high and carrying even larger payloads so the Germans are really starting to push the envelope in terms of rocket science what's good about the Allies is is that the Germans are kind of they're developed this technology a little bit late they're starting to be on their heels obviously on both the Western Front and the Eastern Front and even in the South the Allies are really on the offensive now but rockets are starting to get involved be ones in the summer and then the v2 s and then the v2 s in the fall now also as we go into the late summer and fall you see the Russians after defeating the Germans at Kursk are marching our marching towards are marching towards Poland and marching in particular towards Warsaw as we get as we as we go through 1944 and at the end of nineteen forward at the end really at the end of at the end of the the summer of 1944 in August of 1944 you have the Polish uprising you have kind of the the rebels the the underground is taking on the German occupiers so this is August 1944 August 1944 with the with the Russian true or the Soviet troops not that far away they're getting closer and closer and closer to Warsaw now also in August of 1944 you have Paris is liberated so this is August 25th 1944 Paris is liberated and then as we go later into that year British troops are able to liberate Athens so British troops are able to liberate Athens so Athens is liberated and actually this once this liberated then you start having the beginnings of the civil war of the the Greek civil war that occurs between kind of the government troops and the Communist Tories who say the more left-leaning people who are involved in in fighting against the Axis powers so even though they were liberated as kind of the start of another unfortunate chapter with the Greek Civil War and then finishing out 1944 the the Axis powers and particularly the Germans they weren't done yet even though the war is not looking good they finally mount a I guess you could say one of their last counter-offensives it's not their last major counter-offensive and that's over here against the Allied troops particularly the American troops at the Battle of the Bulge and this starts this starts in December of 1944 it's called the Battle of the Bulge because the shape in which so if the Allied you know the front the allied front looks like that as it is as it is advancing the Germans mount a counter-offensive and they're able to create a what's called in military terms a salient where they're able to push through or they're able to push through and kind of create and create this bulge and this is an incredibly bloody battle it's actually the most bloody battle faced by American troops they lose nearly 20,000 true that not not just lose a twenty thousand died American troops died just in the Battle of the Bulge that starts in December of 1944 but this really is the the Germans last hoorah you can see the writing on the wall troops approaching from the West troops approaching from the east troops approaching from the south