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Current time:0:00Total duration:15:01

Video transcript

what I want to talk about in this video is one of the darker periods in Chilean history and depending on your point of view also one of the darker periods in American history in it and and what I want to make clear in this video and it really applies to every video making history is be skeptical of everything that I'm telling you I'm going to do my best attempt to give a reasonably accurate series of events and and and draw connections when they're clear and also make it clear where there might be connections and no one is sure but you should be skeptical and frankly you should be skeptical of anything anyone's telling you and I encourage you all to kind of use this as a scaffold for your own research for you to look up these these names and these events and figure out what actually happened now with that said let's rewind back to 1970 when Chile was having an election for president and they have their election and it's considered a fairly free and fair election and one of the candidates in that election was this gentleman over here Salvador Allende who is a known Marxist a known Marxist he has communist ideologies here he's known he is known to be sympathetic to what has happened in Cuba to sympathetic to the Soviets and so he could you imagine in this context America is concerned it's in the middle of the Cold War you have Richard Nixon president you have Henry Kissinger is his Secretary of State they are actively watching this election they clearly do not want Salvador Allende to become president all of a sudden a major country in Latin America being controlled by a Marxist unlucky for them Salvador Allende actually does get more votes than everyone else he gets 36% of the votes which is a plurality and just so you know what plurality means it means you got more votes than anyone else but not necessarily the majority of the votes if he'd gotten 51% of the votes that would be a majority in this case he didn't get a majority and the standard procedure in Chile is that if the no one gets a majority it goes to Congress and Congress picks who's president and the usual thing that they would do is they would pick whoever has the most the largest amount of votes they normally didn't do a runoff so you can imagine Nixon and Kissinger they're worried so they kind of get into let's mess with what's going on in Chile mode and this part is well-established that they had this what they called a track one strategy of actually trying to get the Chilean Congress to not do what they normally do to not pick the guy with the largest number of votes so they were trying to mess there it didn't seem like something that they would be able to pull off the other thing that it looks like they started to kind of get involved with through the CIA is they started to they started to at least interface it's not clear how much they actually supported they actually started to talk to people in the military and see well how likely is a coup to happen how likely is a end a to be overthrown if he becomes president they were looking for for people who could I guess keep this this this known Marxist from becoming president and the number one problem was this guy right over here the number brought one problem was this guy right over here and in this whole video I would say that Rene Schneider was the only unambiguously good guy in this video he was the commander-in-chief of the Chilean military and he said look I don't care you know who becomes president I don't care how much I disagree with him I don't care how much pressure the Americans put on me or how much pressure the rest of the military puts on me the role of the Chilean military is not to mess with politics the role they call them a constitutionalist the role of the Chilean military is not to overthrow people when we don't like them the role of the Chilean military is only to defend Chile is only to literally do it I guess you know and what militaries are supposed to do what constitutions say the military is supposed to do and so you can imagine that the people who wanted to overthrow Ind now that he's coming to it looks like he's going to come to power they say well you know this guy is not a convenient guy to have in power he doesn't like to play the way we play even though maybe there are other elements in the military that did want to do that and so and this is what's a little bit unclear you have this former general in the Chilean military who is who is clearly anti IND and he is also an haider because this guy right here roberto vo he thinks that the military should be I guess actively overthrowing dictators and so there is some contact between him and the CIA it seems like the CIA may have supplied some support to him and then maybe got a little bit freaked out that at least Kissinger might have gotten a little freaked out that this guy seemed a little bit of extreme but remember we're in this period where I end a was he got thirty six percent of the votes Congress is kind of trying to figure out what they do about it and during this period there are some people say well look if Rene Schneider is not going to take things do though and what's in their mind the right thing and depose the eventual I end date then we'll have to depose Rene Schneider so you have this plot that's worked up by Roberto vo to essentially kidnap Rene Schneider and that would essentially depose him from being head of the military and maybe they could put someone in this place who is more likely to have a coup more likely to want to overthrow I end a unfortunately when his people when this guy's people try to kidnap Schneider Schneider he's you know he's got a gun he sees these guys kidnapping he takes out the gun and then the kidnappers shoot him several times and he eventually dies so they essentially turns into this kidnapping turns into an assassination of Rene Schneider and they wanted to kill him just because or remove him or whatever just because he essentially wanted to do his job so he's the only person in this whole narrative where I'll say he was an unambiguous he was an unambiguous good guy now what's not clear is how much of involvement the Americans or the CIA had in supporting this this kind of assassination or this kidnapping of Schneider it does look like they kind of knew that something was going on this is a quote from Kissinger seems pretty well substantiated where he told Nixon before a few days before Schneider was assassinated when Nixon said hey what's going on in Chile are we are we working on any you know ways through the military and are we doing anything about potentially maybe about Schneider I don't know look that up for yourself know how much Nixon may or may not have known Kissinger told Nixon this looks hopeless I turned it off nothing could be worse than an abortive coup so this quote is interesting because it looks like they thought about it I mean I turned it off which implies that at one point he had it turned on so at one point they were actively thinking about working with Roberto vo maybe the kidnaps Neider maybe to orchestrate maybe to orchestrate a coup against I end a but they turned it off so there's definitely not they're not morally above doing this type of thing but they decided that this guy was a little bit was not as competent as maybe they thought he should and at least according to Kissinger he's saying we turned it off because nothing could be worse than an abortive coup and it turned out that's exactly what happened because as soon as this guy got killed everyone's like oh my god you have all of these shady elements who are trying to kind of overthrow democracy and that actually put more pressure on on Congress to say hey we have to let IND become president so in November he gets inaugurated President November I n day I n day becomes president and this is always you know there's a bunch of different stories here how much the CIA was involved the the counter-argument is like look the CIA would not have wanted to assassinate Schneider because this would have only made it make IND all the more popular they would have only maybe wanted to remove him and put someone else there who was more likely to have a coup against IND later who knows if you believe what Kissinger's words here it looks like he you know maybe they provided some initial support to vo and then they backed off a little bit who knows well regardless to say by November of 1970 Salvador Allende became president and he started implementing his kind of Marcos Marxist ideology and it was didn't go that well the chilis economy especially if you fast-forward to 1972 1973 not doing so well he started doing price fixing he tried to do the you know the fairly naive approach of raising salaries while keeping prices fixed which will obviously lead to shortages so all around he wasn't the most popular president it didn't look like especially his economic policies were working out well people who are Pro IND would say well look it just like what the United States did to Cuba they started doing the Chile as soon as they had a Marxist in charge someone they didn't like the United States started kind of swinging its huge economic power around to kind of hurt the Chilean economy so that this guy would come out of power I'd lead let you decide that you fast forward all the way to 1973 so now I end a has been in power for about three years things are not going well for my there are there are strikes going on he tries to clamp down on the media a bit there are there are there is unrest there are people who definitely do not want him to be president anymore and you know the people who who are you know who who don't think much of the United States will say hey but the United States the whole time was kind of actively undermining I&A and that's probably true the United States will say no look we were trying to keep the press free that this guy was clamping down on Free Press we were trying to we were trying to keep things so that there will be another election so that this guy won't turn into another Fidel Castro and essentially just turn chili into totalitarian communist regime regardless of which side you take on September 11th 1973 i n days deposed he gets the the military surrounds the presidential palace and it is said that he commits suicide and i put that in quotes because once again some people believe that he really did commit suicide some people believe that he was assassinated and some accounts say that he committed suicide with an automatic weapon and well i guess you could commit suicide with an automatic weapon but it doesn't seem like the weapon of choice for many peoples but I'll leave that once again for you to decide maybe it's not even well whether whether or not he committed suicide or whether he was killed but regardless is a September 11 he he gets thrown out of power and once again it's not clear what role what role the CIA played they clearly were sympathetic to the people who wanted to overthrow him they it clearly were support we're providing indirect support throughout i-n days regime to all of the people who are anti i n day and you could look up so there actually are some declassified documents that hint at what the level of CIA involvement might have regardless to say I ended this deposed and this gentleman this gentleman comes to power right over here augusto pinochet and he comes to power and he says look you know this democracy thing is silly I am the president I am the commander in chief Chile will be run by military junta and let me write that down word write down e Chile will be run by a hunter and a hunter just means a government that's run by the military the military willed it's a military dictatorship the military is now in charge of Chile we don't need people to do silly things like voting anymore and you could imagine Nixon didn't care so much that this guy didn't like democracy but he was happy let me see if I could put a smile on his face he was happy that at least Pinochet was not a Marxist that at least we have we have spread we have stopped the spread of communism in Latin America unfortunately and Nixon with that said he and this is explicit he wanted to do everything in his power to make to make Augusto Pinochet successful especially from an economic point of view so Nixon does we do the United States does start does start supporting Pinochet he's viewed as kind of an American friend unfortunately for America and unfortunately for Chile this guy is one of those big-time tyrants in history so he is a tyrant and he starts rounding up people he starts killing people he starts just he's one of those people that anything anyone who had there was a whiff of communism or a whiff of political opposition he would round them up he would round their family up he would torture people and just to kind of put some put and this is another picture of him when he's older and it's amazing how how gentle some fairly evil people can look in the world so I'll put some unambiguous horns on him but he he he killed many many people and many many people disappeared and just to give an idea of what this what you know these are some of the people who disappeared and it was anyone from people who are critical of him people who were perceived to be left-leaning whatever it was and he tortured including women and children and all the rest so all-around bad guy he stuck around in Chile as president until 1990 so that seventeen years and he really stayed in power until 1998 where he was commander in chief of the army you can imagine if the military is in control president isn't that important of a title commander-in-chief is so for 25 years he hung around Chile and he continued to be kind of this totalitarian guy although he was a big he liked free markets he was a capitalist in the traditional sense and the one I guess silver lining that if you had to throw silver lining on Pinochet's regime is that the Chilean economy actually did well during his regime is that Chile is considered one of the success stories economically over that time period so I'll I'll let you decide and some people will say oh that's because Pinochet was a you know he understood economics he didn't try to do all this price fixing stuff that I and they tried to do regardless of the fact that he was a tyrant at least people you know the economy was doing well the other side of the equation would be well look of course the economy did well now you had the United States now you had the United States doing everything in its power this huge the largest economy in the world doing everything in its power to make sure that Chile's economy thrives while one of its buddies are in power so I'll let you decide what's who's right who's wrong what were the actual what was the actual involvement of the CIA and Nixon and Kissinger and all of this mess over here but I think needless to say that this was a not so pleasant chapter in I guess world history