If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Main content

BEFORE YOU WATCH: Frames in Era 2

Use the “Three Close Reads” approach as you watch the video below.
Use the “Three Close Reads” approach as you watch the video below (next in the lineup!). If you want to learn more about this strategy, click here.

First read: preview and skimming for gist

Before you watch, you should skim the transcript first. The skim should be very quick and give you the gist (general idea) of what the video is about. You should be looking at the title, thumbnails, pictures, and first few seconds of the video for the gist.

Second read: key ideas and understanding content

Now that you’ve skimmed the video transcript and taken a quick peek at the video, you should preview the questions you will be answering. These questions will help you get a better understanding of the concepts and arguments that are presented in the video. Keep in mind that when you watch the video, it is a good idea to write down any vocab you read or hear that is unfamiliar to you.
By the end of the second close read, you should be able to answer the following questions:
  1. According to this video, how did the cognitive revolution and the development of language help our ancestors to survive and thrive?
  2. Watch the animation of humans populating the world. Where were humans first? Where did we go next? What regions were populated last, according to the animation?
  3. What does the video argue was the biggest change of the era, through the frame of production and distribution?
  4. According to the video, did everyone become a farmer in this period?
  5. According to the video, why was the shift to farming a big deal?

Third read: evaluating and corroborating

Finally, here are some questions that will help you focus on why this video matters and how it connects to other content you’ve studied.
At the end of the third read, you should be able to respond to these questions:
  1. Based on what you know so far, if you lived in this period, would you rather have been a farmer, or a forager? Why?
Now that you know what to look for, it’s time to watch! Remember to return to these questions once you’ve finished watching.

Want to join the conversation?

  • blobby green style avatar for user tanyalahav
    I can not find the animation of people populating the world
    (4 votes)
    Default Khan Academy avatar avatar for user
  • hopper cool style avatar for user zhiwenglim
    My answers:
    1. It allowed our ancestors to work together or collectively to achieve goals and create our first networks: communicating with people in other communities.

    2. According to the animation, the humans are first based in Africa, then they expand to Europe & India, the region of South America is populated last.

    3. Through the frame of production and distribution, the video argues that farming was the biggest change of the era

    4. No, because some made their changes from foragers to farmers at different times.

    5. Because it provides relatively calorie dense food for people to do other work, making it more likely to create villages & cities and provide new innovations.

    6. Based on what I’ve known, I would rather have been a farmer if I lived in this period, because I will be able to create enough food to feed myself and my whole family to survive against the environment.

    Community: Large, stable bands. Sharing ideas through language, able to work collectively to achieve goals.
    Network: Languages, communication with people who were in neighboring communities,, in order to exchange ideas, things, and even members through intermarriage and migration.
    Production and distribution: Farming, domestication of animals, new stone tools
    (5 votes)
    Default Khan Academy avatar avatar for user
  • boggle blue style avatar for user x.asper
    Is there a way that I can do this course on a different site than KA? Just curious.
    (4 votes)
    Default Khan Academy avatar avatar for user