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BEFORE YOU WATCH: Unit 7 Overview

Use the “Three Close Reads” approach as you watch the video below (next in the lineup!). If you want to learn more about this strategy, click here.

First read: preview and skimming for gist

Before you watch, you should skim the transcript first. The skim should be very quick and give you the gist (general idea) of what the video is about. You should be looking at the title, thumbnails, pictures, and first few seconds of the video for the gist.

Second read: key ideas and understanding content

Now that you’ve skimmed the video transcript and taken a quick peek at the video, you should preview the questions you will be answering. These questions will help you get a better understanding of the concepts and arguments that are presented in the video. Keep in mind that when you watch the video, it is a good idea to write down any vocab you read or hear that is unfamiliar to you.
By the end of the second close read, you should be able to answer the following questions:
  1. How does the scale of the First World War compare to that of the Second World War, according to the video?
  2. What were some problems left by the First World War that contributed to the Second World War?
  3. What kinds of intellectual ideas and economic situations helped to drive the rise of nationalism in this era?
  4. What were some horrors of the Second World War that resulted from this extreme nationalism and from authoritarianism?
  5. What does the data about the number of democracies in the world show for the period from 1930 to 1944?
  6. What did the Nuremberg laws do?

Third read: evaluating and corroborating

Finally, here are some questions that will help you focus on why this video matters and how it connects to other content you’ve studied.
At the end of the third read, you should be able to respond to these questions:
  1. For much of the nineteenth century, we saw an expansion of democracy and citizen rights, at least in some places. But many of those same countries that were becoming more democratic, particularly in Europe, turned towards authoritarian and racist/nationalist policies in the 1930s. What are some reasons this might have happened?
Now that you know what to look for, it’s time to watch! Remember to return to these questions once you’ve finished watching.

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