- Life after slavery for African Americans
- The origins of Jim Crow - introduction
- Origins of Jim Crow - the Black Codes and Reconstruction
- Origins of Jim Crow - the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments
- Origins of Jim Crow - Compromise of 1877 and Plessy v. Ferguson
- Plessy v. Ferguson
- The Compromise of 1877
- Jim Crow
- The New South
- The South after the Civil War
The video discusses the Jim Crow era and the struggle for racial equality in the American South. It highlights the Black Codes, laws limiting African American rights, and the 14th Amendment, which granted full citizenship to all born in the U.S., regardless of race.
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- Did anyone think that the civil war was to end slavery at the begining?
I know they did at the end.(1 vote)
- Good question! Actually no one had planned so or begun the war for that cause. It was plainly begun as southern states united and called themselves the Confederate States of America, as they felt a threat to slavery by staying with USA. However president Lincoln was ready to permit them to continue slavery if they rejoined USA. But things changed by the end and slavery was abolished. Khan Academy has uploaded a well compiled series of videos on the Civil War, you could watch them if you are more interested in the Civil War. Hopefully that helps...(3 votes)
- What is the point of capturing blacks from wherever the came from just to terrorize them, and when they become free, get upset? Whites should be able to complete their own work since they went through all the trouble just to capture blacks.(2 votes)
- Prior to the so called "Black codes" being put in place, that restricted the right of black people to "...keep and bear arms...", were there previous restrictions placed on the ownership of firearms by individuals? Were these the first "gun control" laws on the books?(3 votes)
- The first national gun control law, Nation Firearms Act, was passed in 1934 when there were gang problems.(0 votes)
- I went back on this lesson and i wonder.If I was black back then and i went to vote and they would not let me vote couldn't i just go to a police station and tell then that i couldn't vote and they would enforce it?I don't know if that makes scene,if it dose not tell me :3(1 vote)
- You could take your case to court or to the law enforcement but you have to keep in mind that many southerners were racist at the time and it would be very likely that nothing would be done to help you, even though you would have had the right to vote and equal protection under the law. You might also have the people who wouldn't let you vote coming after you to get you or your family for trying to get them in trouble/still try to vote.(1 vote)
- Did Reconstruction improve the social conditions for African American transitioning from enslaved to emancipated?(1 vote)
- It did briefly during the years of reconstruction, but that all went backwards after the troops were removed in 1877. Jim Crow laws came into being and vigilante law enforced by the KKK hurt the social condition of African Americans a lot.(1 vote)
- why are the jim crow laws so harsh(1 vote)
- Because the former slave owners needed a continuing source of cheap labor to work their farms. And the white southerners wanted to keep the former slaves subjugated so they could control and not have to compete with them in a social/political/economic way. And there was over 200 years of institutionalized racism that permeated every aspect of southern society.(1 vote)
- [Voiceover] So in the last video we started talking about the system of Jim Crow segregation, which was a legal form of segregation, and denial of voting rights or disenfranchisement, which characterized the American south from approximately 1877 to 1954. Now we finished up by saying that, with the end of the Civil War, the system of slavery, which had been the economic and political system which characterized all of the south for the 200 plus years before the Civil War, and I finished up by saying, now that the Civil War has outlawed slavery in 1865, what is the south going to look like without slavery? So in this video, I want to really dial-in in this period after the Civil War known as Reconstruction. Now I don't have room here to go into a great deal of detail about the Civil War, we'll make many more videos about that in the future, but what I do think is important to note about the Civil War, is that for the United States of America, often called the north in the Civil War, even though the Civil War really didn't start out as a war to end slavery, by the end of the Civil War it had really become a war to end slavery, as northern armies became in effect armies of liberation in the south. In 1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which ended slavery in all states that were rebelling against the United States, and in 1865 the government ratified the 13th Amendment to the Constitution, which outlawed slavery for good. But all the 13th Amendment said was that you couldn't have slavery, it really didn't say anything about what race relations between whites and blacks in the south would be after the Civil War, or whether not being a slave meant that an African American person in the south had the full rights of citizenship that a white person would have, so in the immediate aftermath of the Civil War, states in the south began writing new constitutions to account for the end of slavery, but the white leaders in the south really have no conception of a world where African Americans are equal to whites, and so the new laws that they write regulating African Americans after the war are known as the Black Codes, and these Black Codes are in many ways slavery by a different name. So the Black Codes acknowledged the end of slavery, and they give some basic rights to African Americans such as the right to marry, which enslaved people could not legally do under the system of slavery, and the right to own property. But that is pretty much it. The Black Codes did things like prevent African Americans from owning firearms, from being without a labor contract, now remember the south is based on these cash crops like tobacco and cotton, and landowners are terrified that if all of the former enslaved people leave the south, they're going to have nobody to work in their fields, nobody to harvest these crops, and their economic system is going to plummet, they're already in very bad shape after the Civil War. So they say, all African Americans have to be in a labor contract, and these labor contracts were usually very small wages for quite a bit of labor, and if they were not in a labor contract or if they left in the middle of a year, say, then they were considered vagrants. And the most outrageous thing that these southern governments do is say that African Americans cannot vote. Now to people in the north, who had just fought a four year-long war where more than half a million people died, to end slavery, seeing southern states pass laws that are pretty much slavery with another name, was galling. And so the more radical Republican elements in Congress, these are members of Abraham Lincoln's party, who are strongly abolitionist, who are strongly in favour of civil rights for African Americans, and strongly in favor of a strong central government, say "OK, this system of Black Codes is not OK. "When we said slavery was over, "we didn't just mean that you couldn't enslave someone, "we also meant that African Americans "had full citizenship rights in the south." So to combat the Black Codes, Congress passes the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. And the 14th Amendment says that anyone who was born in the United States, regardless of whether or not they were a slave, is a full citizen of the United States eligible for all of the benefits of citizenship and equal protection under the law, so laws must be equal for whites and for blacks. And we'll get into what that means, in the next video.