The Intolerable Acts and the First Continental Congress
- In the spring of 1774, the British Parliament passed the Coercive Acts, which quickly became known in the North American colonies as the Intolerable Acts.
- The Intolerable Acts were aimed at isolating Boston, the seat of the most radical anti-British sentiment, from the other colonies.
- Colonists responded to the Intolerable Acts with a show of unity, convening the First Continental Congress to discuss and negotiate a unified approach to the British.
Radical Boston and the Intolerable Acts
- The Boston Port Bill fined Boston for the tea destroyed in the Boston Tea Party and closed the harbor until the fines were paid.
- The Government Bill rewrote the Massachusetts colony’s charter granting broadly expanded powers to the royal governor.
- The Administration of Justice Act authorized the governor to send indicted government officials to other colonies or to London for trial.
- The Quartering Act, which applied to all of the North American colonies, was designed to provide shelter for the British troops, allowing them to be housed in private buildings.