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Current time:0:00Total duration:8:15

Video transcript

in this off-white color I have a handful of statements that you might hear folks say especially in the United States and we're going to think about is are these statements that you ought you would typically hear from a liberal and I'm gonna make a little key here so I'm gonna use a light blue for liberal conservative I use this salmon color for conservative or a libertarian sounds this white color for libertarian libertarian and I've pre grouped these statements into categories they could be views on social issues or economic issues and within each of those dimensions they could be views that might want more social or economic control or ones that want less social or economic control and this isn't a perfect full sampling of all of the major issues that folks will talk about and some of these things kind of border on social and economic or some of them could be viewed as more control depending how you view it or less control but this is a a first take on things so let's just go from the top left to the bottom right and I encourage you to keep pausing this video and coming to your own conclusion so this first statement affirmative action is a good thing would you expect that to come from some of the liberal conservative or libertarian ideology well this would typically come from someone with a liberal ideology much of the ideas and policies that liberals would favor might be around curing social injustice so they might say hey we don't have the proper diversity in certain walks of life right now we don't have a level playing field so we need to make sure that people are properly represented and so that would be something that you would hear from liberals and it would be something that in general involves more control a libertarian or a conservative would say hey you know we shouldn't try to do social engineering here we should maybe make sure people have equal opportunities but that doesn't mean that you have to have equal representation and outcome in this next statement marriage should be between a man and a woman pause this video who is likely to say that well that would typically come from someone with a conservative ideology this would be around the theme with that many folks with conservative ideologies would - values that are worth preserving in a society that should not change and so that would typically come from them while a liberal or libertarian is more likely to say hey what goes on between two people well that's their decision and really the government should have no say on what they do we need tougher penalties and policing to deal with crime well once again that would be something that you would likely hear from someone with a conservative ideology a liberal or libertarian would be on the opposite side they would say hey I'm afraid of too strict penalties too strict policing I'm afraid that the government is putting too many people in jail so now let's go to less fewer social controls so marijuana should be legalized pause this video who is more likely to say that well many liberals would be likely to say that and also libertarians they would say hey you know the once again what someone does and within in their own privacy why should the government have a say while many conservatives and this goes back to values and kind of social fiber might say well no but some of these drugs they break down people's value system maybe they lead to crime and so a conservative would be more likely to be against legalizing something like marijuana the next statement laws restricting gun rights are unconstitutional and won't have the intended impact pause this video who would say that well you would often hear a statement like this from someone with a conservative ideology but also from someone with a libertarian ideology so the libertarian ideology would also say something like that and they would both cite that people have a right to protect themselves they might cite hey people have a right to use guns for things like hunting and especially libertarians might make the argument that people need to be armed in order to protect themselves from an overly strong government from an overly strong police state so the next statement same-sex couples should have full marriage rights who's most likely to say that well this is kind of the opposite statement of this one we saw up here and for the reasons we mentioned this is more likely to come from someone with the liberal ideology or a libertarian libertarian ideology and for them it would be about personal liberty and equal rights and so you might already see some trends that the conservative and liberals are kind of mixed on the social when it comes to more control or less control and don't read too much into how many there are of each this is just you could view it as a random sampling of some issues if I sampled more you might have more liberal boxes up here or more conservative boxes down here but it seems like a mix but one clear thing that comes out is that libertarians on the social dimension are for less control but what about the economic dimension so this first statement everyone has a right to quality health care who's more likely to say that well that would be a liberal liberals once again they think a lot about injustice and inequality and they want the government to be proactive about it and so they would say hey the government should somehow supply universal health care to folks conservatives or libertarians not that they don't care about injustice or inequality but they would argue that hey when the government kind of intervenes in things they don't they have all sorts of unintended consequences and oftentimes do more harm than good the next statement rent control is a good thing well once again this is likely to come from a liberal probably motivated from the idea that if rents or living costs are getting too high that this is a way to avoid people being displaced or being priced out of their neighborhood now conservatives and libertarians would argue that rent control distorts the market it actually makes the properties that aren't on rent called rent control overly expensive and so it's probably doing more harm than good the next statement social safety nets are crucial once again this is likely to come from someone with a liberal ideology they believe that someone that the government has a role in making sure that everyone has a basic standard of living so programs like food stamps or welfare every worker has the right to a living wage and living wages sometimes you'll hear this in the context of minimum wage discussion who would say that well once again you're likely to hear this from someone with a liberal ideology they believe that higher minimum wages are a good thing while conservatives or libertarians would argue that no that distorts the market and actually you might increase unemployment and you might hurt the very people that you are trying to help with some of these efforts around minimum wages and what about here would we go to less control on the economy government intervention in the free market will slow the economy hurting everyone well as you can imagine this is kind of the opposite statement as these here because these ones on the top are all the government intervening in a free economy in some way and so this statement is more likely to come from a conservative some of the conservative ideology or a libertarian and so when you look in the economic dimension the distinction between conservative and liberal at least when it comes to more control and less control becomes more clear on economics liberals tend to favor more control more government intervention with the focus of trying to address social or economic inequality or environmental concerns while conservatives and libertarians will often say well no that's gonna do more harm than good the government does have some functions but it should really be as small as possible and free markets are what's in the end of the day going to make people better off so I will leave you there this is a very simple model but it helps us start to think about these issues and so when you think about issues and you read about it in the newspaper try to think about it in this type of a framework