Special topics in art history
Introduction to printmaking
Learn about the main types of printmaking: relief, intaglio and lithography. Did you know that MoMA offers studio courses online? Check out the list of offerings including online courses on collage and painting techniques. Created by The Museum of Modern Art.
Want to join the conversation?
- You mentioned the dollar bill. So, tell me, what kind of printing is used to make currency?(37 votes)
- Offset and intaglio (or more specifically, engraving) - learn a lot more here: http://www.moneyfactory.gov/uscurrency/theproductionprocess.html(39 votes)
- What are the 3 major types of print making?(6 votes)
- What is the advantage of making prints like that verses drawing the image on the computer and then printing it?(6 votes)
- First of all, computers weren't always around and printmaking is one of the oldest methods of mark making. Second of all, the artistic process of making the print forms, selecting and tearing the paper, mixing the inks, printing each individual piece, drying and signing each, is a very personal and tactile experience. It speaks to a different part of the human experience than a purely digital art piece. Each piece is individual and impossible to reproduce exactly, though we do strive for that! Printmaking also allows for more textures on the surface of the finished art piece, though 3d printing might be changing that game soon.
(I'm a printmaker, can you tell?)(21 votes)
- other than Andy Warhol, what other artists are there that use printmaking?(6 votes)
- A few of the most famous printmakers include: Durer, Rembrandt, Piranesi, Goya, Degas, Gaugauin, Picasso, Pollock, Johns, Rauschenberg, Kiki Smith, Xu Bing, etc.(14 votes)
- At0:45if the image area and the non-image area are on the same surface, how is the image created on the stone? Does the chemical treatment reveal the image after it is draw on the surface?(4 votes)
- I suggest reading more on lithography here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithography. The artist starts by drawing the image using an oil or wax-based material onto a stone. Then, a chemical is applied which will etch all of the areas that were not drawn on. Next water is applied to the stone, where it will sink into areas that are not etched. Finally, an oil-based ink can be applied which would be repelled by the water and onto the areas the artist had originally drawn. The image area is what the artist originally drew and was not etched; the non-image area is the area where water was applied and was etched.(7 votes)
- Are there more ways of printmaking other than the mentioned three?(3 votes)
- Well, yes. One major form of printmaking is etching. It's a bit like intaglio (Intaglio is also known as engraving and dry point). Imagine, if you were just drawing with a pick on a metal sheet, how hard that would be. Your hand might slip and make accidental marks, and it'd be hard to fix. With etching, you cover the metal plate with wax, and then you can lightly draw/scratch your image without having to press hard and scratch the metal. Then, you put the plate in a vat of acid, and whatever's exposed gets eaten away, leaving gaps where ink will hold. The longer you leave the plate in the acid, the deeper the grooves and the darker the lines. So, with a little practice and planning, you can get your lines exactly as dark as you want. And, you can repeat the process, building up the image till it's just the way you want. Some of the cheapest forms of print making are relief carvings, like woodcuts and linoleum prints, because you don't need to buy a press. You can just lay the paper over it, and rub the back of the paper with a spoon.(8 votes)
- Where is the museum of Modern Art(3 votes)
- It's in New York City -- in midtown Manhattan.
Their web site is: www.moma.org(2 votes)
- Which printmaking technique did Andy Warhol use?(2 votes)
- Warhol is known for his screen printing, which was often used in advertising.(1 vote)
- The video and most of my internet search returns mono-colored prints. How are colorful prints made? How are the different colored-ink transferred?(2 votes)
- I took a printmaking class in college in 1983; How long do intaglio plates last? Can they be reused, if they've been stored and not corroded?(2 votes)
- Yes, although it depends on the material. Copper is harder and more durable. So, a good plate that's well used could go through an edition of about 200 or so before it begins to wear out. Zinc plates can do, I guess about half that? And then, if you're working on plexi-glass, you're really only going to get 3 or so prints before it all squishes.(2 votes)
There are three major types of printmaking, and they are all based on how the image is created on one surface and transferred to a piece of paper. A 'relief' print is a carving away of the whites of the image, which puts your image in relief, or raised up. That raised area accepts ink, and then is transferred to a piece of paper. In intaglia process -- or etching processes -- the image area is removed from the surface. And in those recesses, ink is placed -- and that is then transferred to the piece of paper. Lithography is unique in that the image area and the non-image area are on the exact same surface. And it is only through chemically treating the stone and relying on the fact that grease and water resist one another that lithography is possible. All printmaking processes have the possibility and capability of reproducing something else that exists. And so, everyone deals with money on any given day. And that is a print. It's a multiple. And as we get closer to fine art, we're doing the same conceptual focus of what a dollar bill is, a magazine, a newspaper, a poster is. But it's for a different purpose. And once you get into fine-art printmaking, what we're doing is allowing an artist to express themselves in a way that is unique to the medium. Is just as unique as sculpture. It's just as unique as painting. Is just as unique as video, in and of itself.