Renaissance and Reformation in Europe

1400-1600: Van Eyck, Michelangelo, Titian and more.
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Northern Renaissance: the fifteenth century

Northern Europe’s wealthy merchants and nobles supported the art of van Eyck, Bosch, Dürer, Bruegel, and Holbein; art that invites us back to their world.

Early Renaissance in Italy: the fifteenth century

The engineering of Brunelleschi's dome, the naturalism of Donatello’s David, and the humanism of Botticelli’s Birth of Venus each help define the Early Renaissance in Italy.

High Renaissance in Florence and Rome

Michelangelo's Sistine Ceiling, Leonardo’s Last Supper, and Raphael's Stanza frescos shape our understanding of Western culture even today.

The Renaissance in Venice

Petrarch called Venice a "mundus alter”—another world. Here Bellini, Giorgione, and Titian made art as brilliant as the light that plays off the city's canals.

Reformation and Counter-Reformation

Why are there so many Protestant denominations (Baptist, Presbyterian, Pentecostal, etc.)? The early 16th century, a time when the Roman Catholicism was largely unchallenged in Western Europe, holds the answer.

Northern Renaissance: the sixteenth century

Discover Grünewald, Bosch, Dürer, Bruegel, Holbein and other extraordinary artists from the Renaissance in England, German, Flanders, etc.

Mannerism

The Mannerist style developed in the courts of the Italian elite. It built on Renaissance naturalism but distorts and deceives to delight its highly educated audience.

High Renaissance in Florence and Rome

Michelangelo's Sistine Ceiling, Leonardo’s Last Supper, and Raphael's Stanza frescos shape our understanding of Western culture even today.
Community Questions
All content in “High Renaissance in Florence and Rome”

A beginner's guide to the High Renaissance

As the Humanism of the Early Renaissance develops, a problem arises. How can an artist create figures that are at once an accurate naturalistic rendering of the human body in space while also describing the ideal beauty of the spiritual realm?